「timedatectl」-

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timedatectl – Control the system time and date

命令语法格式


timedatectl [OPTIONS…] {COMMAND}

命令描述


timedatectl may be used to query and change the system clock and its settings.

Use systemd-firstboot(1) to initialize the system time zone for mounted (but not booted) system images.

命令支持的选项及含义


The following options are understood:

–no-ask-password
Do not query the user for authentication for privileged operations.

–adjust-system-clock
If set-local-rtc is invoked and this option is passed, the system clock is synchronized from the RTC again, taking the new setting into account. Otherwise, the RTC is synchronized from the system clock.

-H, –host=
Execute the operation remotely. Specify a hostname, or a username and hostname separated by “@”, to connect to. The hostname may optionally be suffixed by a container name, separated by “:”, which connects directly to a

specific container on the specified host. This will use SSH to talk to the remote machine manager instance. Container names may be enumerated with machinectl -H HOST.

-M, –machine=
Execute operation on a local container. Specify a container name to connect to.

-h, –help
Print a short help text and exit.

–version
Print a short version string and exit.

–no-pager
Do not pipe output into a pager.

The following commands are understood:

status
Show current settings of the system clock and RTC, including whether network time synchronization is on. Note that whether network time synchronization is on simply reflects whether the systemd-timesyncd.service unit is

enabled. Even if this command shows the status as off, a different service might still synchronize the clock with the network.

set-time [TIME]
Set the system clock to the specified time. This will also update the RTC time accordingly. The time may be specified in the format “2012-10-30 18:17:16”.

set-timezone [TIMEZONE]
Set the system time zone to the specified value. Available timezones can be listed with list-timezones. If the RTC is configured to be in the local time, this will also update the RTC time. This call will alter the

/etc/localtime symlink. See localtime(5) for more information.

list-timezones
List available time zones, one per line. Entries from the list can be set as the system timezone with set-timezone.

set-local-rtc [BOOL]
Takes a boolean argument. If “0”, the system is configured to maintain the RTC in universal time. If “1”, it will maintain the RTC in local time instead. Note that maintaining the RTC in the local timezone is not fully

supported and will create various problems with time zone changes and daylight saving adjustments. If at all possible, keep the RTC in UTC mode. Note that invoking this will also synchronize the RTC from the system

clock, unless –adjust-system-clock is passed (see above). This command will change the 3rd line of /etc/adjtime, as documented in hwclock(8).

set-ntp [BOOL]
Takes a boolean argument. Controls whether network time synchronization is active and enabled (if available). This enables and starts, or disables and stops the systemd-timesyncd.service unit. It does not affect the

state of any other, unrelated network time synchronization services that might be installed on the system. This command is hence mostly equivalent to: systemctl enable –now systemd-timesyncd.service and systemctl

disable –now systemd-timesyncd.service, but is protected by a different access policy.

Note that even if time synchronization is turned off with this command, another unrelated system service might still synchronize the clock with the network. Also note that, strictly speaking, systemd-timesyncd.service

does more than just network time synchronization, as it ensures a monotonic clock on systems without RTC even if no network is available. See systemd-timesyncd.service(8) for details about this.

退出状态


On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.

相关环境变量


$SYSTEMD_PAGER
Pager to use when –no-pager is not given; overrides $PAGER. If neither $SYSTEMD_PAGER nor $PAGER are set, a set of well-known pager implementations are tried in turn, including less(1) and more(1), until one is found.

If no pager implementation is discovered no pager is invoked. Setting this environment variable to an empty string or the value “cat” is equivalent to passing –no-pager.

$SYSTEMD_LESS
Override the options passed to less (by default “FRSXMK”).

$SYSTEMD_LESSCHARSET
Override the charset passed to less (by default “utf-8”, if the invoking terminal is determined to be UTF-8 compatible).

使用示例


Show current settings:

$ timedatectl
Local time: Di 2015-04-07 16:26:56 CEST
Universal time: Di 2015-04-07 14:26:56 UTC
RTC time: Di 2015-04-07 14:26:56
Time zone: Europe/Berlin (CEST, +0200)
Network time on: yes

NTP synchronized: yes

RTC in local TZ: no

Enable network time synchronization:

$ timedatectl set-ntp true

==== AUTHENTICATING FOR org.freedesktop.timedate1.set-ntp ===

Authentication is required to control whether network time synchronization shall be enabled.

Authenticating as: user

Password: ********

==== AUTHENTICATION COMPLETE ===

$ systemctl status systemd-timesyncd.service

● systemd-timesyncd.service – Network Time Synchronization

Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/systemd-timesyncd.service; enabled)

Active: active (running) since Mo 2015-03-30 14:20:38 CEST; 5s ago
Docs: man:systemd-timesyncd.service(8)
Main PID: 595 (systemd-timesyn)

Status: “Using Time Server 216.239.38.15:123 (time4.google.com).”

CGroup: /system.slice/systemd-timesyncd.service
└─595 /lib/systemd/systemd-timesyncd

相关手册


systemd(1), hwclock(8), date(1), localtime(5), systemctl(1), systemd-timedated.service(8), systemd-timesyncd.service(8), systemd-firstboot(1)

参考文献


  • man 1 timedatectl, Version systemd 232

更新日志


  • 07/26/2018 创建文章