「lsblk」

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lsblk,以树形结构显示块设备的信息。

lsblk lists information about all available or the specified block devices. The lsblk

command reads the sysfs filesystem and udev db to gather information.

The command prints all block devices (except RAM disks) in a tree-like format by

default. Use lsblk –help to get a list of all available columns.

The default output, as well as the default output from options like –fs and –topol‐

ogy, is subject to change. So whenever possible, you should avoid using default out‐

puts in your scripts. Always explicitly define expected columns by using –output

columns-list in environments where a stable output is required.

Note that lsblk might be executed in time when udev does not have all information

about recently added or modified devices yet. In this case it is recommended to use

udevadm settle before lsblk to synchronize with udev.

命令行语法格式

lsblk [options] [device…]

命令行支持的选项及含义

-a, –all
Also list empty devices. (By default they are skipped.)

-b, –bytes
Print the SIZE column in bytes rather than in a human-readable format.

-D, –discard
Print information about the discarding capabilities (TRIM, UNMAP) for each

device.

-d, –nodeps
Do not print holder devices or slaves. For example, lsblk –nodeps /dev/sda

prints information about the sda device only.

-e, –exclude list
Exclude the devices specified by the comma-separated list of major device num‐

bers. Note that RAM disks (major=1) are excluded by default. The filter is

applied to the top-level devices only.

-f, –fs
Output info about filesystems. This option is equivalent to

-o NAME,FSTYPE,LABEL,UUID,MOUNTPOINT. The authoritative information about

filesystems and raids is provided by the blkid(8) command.

-h, –help
Display help text and exit.

-I, –include list
Include devices specified by the comma-separated list of major device numbers.

The filter is applied to the top-level devices only.

-i, –ascii
Use ASCII characters for tree formatting.

-J, –json
Use JSON output format.

-l, –list
Produce output in the form of a list.

-m, –perms
Output info about device owner, group and mode. This option is equivalent to

-o NAME,SIZE,OWNER,GROUP,MODE.

-n, –noheadings
Do not print a header line.

-o, –output list
Specify which output columns to print. Use –help to get a list of all sup‐

ported columns.

The default list of columns may be extended if list is specified in the format

+list (e.g. lsblk -o +UUID).

-O, –output-all
Output all available columns.

-P, –pairs
Produce output in the form of key=”value” pairs. All potentially unsafe char‐

acters are hex-escaped (\x<code>).

-p, –paths
Print full device paths.

-r, –raw
Produce output in raw format. All potentially unsafe characters are hex-

escaped (\x<code>) in the NAME, KNAME, LABEL, PARTLABEL and MOUNTPOINT columns.

-S, –scsi
Output info about SCSI devices only. All partitions, slaves and holder devices

are ignored.

-s, –inverse
Print dependencies in inverse order.

-t, –topology
Output info about block-device topology. This option is equivalent to

-o NAME,ALIGNMENT,MIN-IO,OPT-IO,PHY-SEC,LOG-SEC,ROTA,SCHED,RQ-SIZE,RA,WSAME.

-V, –version
Display version information and exit.

-x, –sort column
Sort output lines by output column.

注意事项

For partitions, some information (e.g. queue attributes) is inherited from the parent

device.

The lsblk command needs to be able to look up each block device by major:minor num‐

bers, which is done by using /sys/dev/block. This sysfs block directory appeared in

kernel 2.6.27 (October 2008). In case of problems with a new enough kernel, check

that CONFIG_SYSFS was enabled at the time of the kernel build.

退出码(RETURN CODES)

0 success

1 failure

32 not found all specified devices

64 some specified devices found, some not found

环境变量

LIBBLKID_DEBUG=all
enables libblkid debug output.

LIBMOUNT_DEBUG=all
enables libmount debug output.

LIBSMARTCOLS_DEBUG=all
enables libsmartcols debug output.

相关命令

findmnt(8), blkid(8), ls(1)

参考文献

  • man 8 lsblk