「mount.cifs」

  LINUX MANUAL PAGES

mount.cifs,挂载Linux CIFS文件系统。通常,通过使用“mount -t cifs”间接调用它。

命令行语法格式(SYNOPSIS)

mount.cifs {service} {mount-point} [-o options]

命令简述(DESCRIPTION)

This tool is part of the cifs-utils suite.

mount.cifs mounts a Linux CIFS filesystem. It is usually invoked indirectly by the mount(8) command when

using the “-t cifs” option. This command only works in Linux, and the kernel must support the cifs

filesystem. The CIFS protocol is the successor to the SMB protocol and is supported by most Windows servers

and many other commercial servers and Network Attached Storage appliances as well as by the popular Open

Source server Samba.

The mount.cifs utility attaches the UNC name (exported network resource) specified as service (using

//server/share syntax, where “server” is the server name or IP address and “share” is the name of the share)

to the local directory mount-point.

Options to mount.cifs are specified as a comma-separated list of key=value pairs. It is possible to send

options other than those listed here, assuming that the cifs filesystem kernel module (cifs.ko) supports

them. Unrecognized cifs mount options passed to the cifs vfs kernel code will be logged to the kernel log.

mount.cifs causes the cifs vfs to launch a thread named cifsd. After mounting it keeps running until the

mounted resource is unmounted (usually via the umount utility).

mount.cifs -V command displays the version of cifs mount helper.

modinfo cifs command displays the version of cifs module.

OPTIONS

username=arg
specifies the username to connect as. If this is not given, then the environment variable USER is used.

Earlier versions of mount.cifs also allowed one to specify the username in a “user%password” or

“workgroup/user” or “workgroup/user%password” to allow the password and workgroup to be specified as part

of the username. Support for those alternate username formats is now deprecated and should no longer be

used. Users should use the discrete “password=” and “domain=” to specify those values. While some

versions of the cifs kernel module accept “user=” as an abbreviation for this option, its use can confuse

the standard mount program into thinking that this is a non-superuser mount. It is therefore recommended

to use the full “username=” option name.

password=arg
specifies the CIFS password. If this option is not given then the environment variable PASSWD is used. If

the password is not specified directly or indirectly via an argument to mount, mount.cifs will prompt for

a password, unless the guest option is specified.

Note that a password which contains the delimiter character (i.e. a comma ´,´) will fail to be parsed

correctly on the command line. However, the same password defined in the PASSWD environment variable or

via a credentials file (see below) or entered at the password prompt will be read correctly.

credentials=filename
specifies a file that contains a username and/or password and optionally the name of the workgroup. The

format of the file is:

username=value

password=value

domain=value

This is preferred over having passwords in plaintext in a shared file, such as /etc/fstab. Be sure to

protect any credentials file properly.

uid=arg
sets the uid that will own all files or directories on the mounted filesystem when the server does not

provide ownership information. It may be specified as either a username or a numeric uid. When not

specified, the default is uid 0. The mount.cifs helper must be at version 1.10 or higher to support

specifying the uid in non-numeric form. See the section on FILE AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND PERMISSIONS

below for more information.

forceuid
instructs the client to ignore any uid provided by the server for files and directories and to always

assign the owner to be the value of the uid= option. See the section on FILE AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND

PERMISSIONS below for more information.

cruid=arg
sets the uid of the owner of the credentials cache. This is primarily useful with sec=krb5. The default

is the real uid of the process performing the mount. Setting this parameter directs the upcall to look

for a credentials cache owned by that user.

gid=arg
sets the gid that will own all files or directories on the mounted filesystem when the server does not

provide ownership information. It may be specified as either a groupname or a numeric gid. When not

specified, the default is gid 0. The mount.cifs helper must be at version 1.10 or higher to support

specifying the gid in non-numeric form. See the section on FILE AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND PERMISSIONS

below for more information.

forcegid
instructs the client to ignore any gid provided by the server for files and directories and to always

assign the owner to be the value of the gid= option. See the section on FILE AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND

PERMISSIONS below for more information.

port=arg
sets the port number on which the client will attempt to contact the CIFS server. If this value is

specified, look for an existing connection with this port, and use that if one exists. If one doesn’t

exist, try to create a new connection on that port. If that connection fails, return an error. If this

value isn’t specified, look for an existing connection on port 445 or 139. If no such connection exists,

try to connect on port 445 first and then port 139 if that fails. Return an error if both fail.

servernetbiosname=arg
Specify the server netbios name (RFC1001 name) to use when attempting to setup a session to the server.

Although rarely needed for mounting to newer servers, this option is needed for mounting to some older

servers (such as OS/2 or Windows 98 and Windows ME) since when connecting over port 139 they, unlike most

newer servers, do not support a default server name. A server name can be up to 15 characters long and is

usually uppercased.

servern=arg
Synonym for servernetbiosname.

netbiosname=arg
When mounting to servers via port 139, specifies the RFC1001 source name to use to represent the client

netbios machine name when doing the RFC1001 netbios session initialize.

file_mode=arg
If the server does not support the CIFS Unix extensions this overrides the default file mode.

dir_mode=arg
If the server does not support the CIFS Unix extensions this overrides the default mode for directories.

ip=arg
sets the destination IP address. This option is set automatically if the server name portion of the

requested UNC name can be resolved so rarely needs to be specified by the user.

domain=arg
sets the domain (workgroup) of the user

guest
don´t prompt for a password

iocharset
Charset used to convert local path names to and from Unicode. Unicode is used by default for network path

names if the server supports it. If iocharset is not specified then the nls_default specified during the

local client kernel build will be used. If server does not support Unicode, this parameter is unused.

ro
mount read-only

rw
mount read-write

setuids
If the CIFS Unix extensions are negotiated with the server the client will attempt to set the effective

uid and gid of the local process on newly created files, directories, and devices (create, mkdir, mknod).

If the CIFS Unix Extensions are not negotiated, for newly created files and directories instead of using

the default uid and gid specified on the the mount, cache the new file´s uid and gid locally which means

that the uid for the file can change when the inode is reloaded (or the user remounts the share).

nosetuids
The client will not attempt to set the uid and gid on on newly created files, directories, and devices

(create, mkdir, mknod) which will result in the server setting the uid and gid to the default (usually

the server uid of the user who mounted the share). Letting the server (rather than the client) set the

uid and gid is the default.If the CIFS Unix Extensions are not negotiated then the uid and gid for new

files will appear to be the uid (gid) of the mounter or the uid (gid) parameter specified on the mount.

perm
Client does permission checks (vfs_permission check of uid and gid of the file against the mode and

desired operation), Note that this is in addition to the normal ACL check on the target machine done by

the server software. Client permission checking is enabled by default.

noperm
Client does not do permission checks. This can expose files on this mount to access by other users on the

local client system. It is typically only needed when the server supports the CIFS Unix Extensions but

the UIDs/GIDs on the client and server system do not match closely enough to allow access by the user

doing the mount. Note that this does not affect the normal ACL check on the target machine done by the

server software (of the server ACL against the user name provided at mount time).

dynperm
Instructs the server to maintain ownership and permissions in memory that can´t be stored on the server.

This information can disappear at any time (whenever the inode is flushed from the cache), so while this

may help make some applications work, it´s behavior is somewhat unreliable. See the section below on FILE

AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND PERMISSIONS for more information.

cache=
Cache mode. See the section below on CACHE COHERENCY for details. Allowed values are:

· none: do not cache file data at all

· strict: follow the CIFS/SMB2 protocol strictly

· loose: allow loose caching semantics

The default in kernels prior to 3.7 was “loose”. As of kernel 3.7 the default is “strict”.

directio
Do not do inode data caching on files opened on this mount. This precludes mmaping files on this mount.

In some cases with fast networks and little or no caching benefits on the client (e.g. when the

application is doing large sequential reads bigger than page size without rereading the same data) this

can provide better performance than the default behavior which caches reads (readahead) and writes

(writebehind) through the local Linux client pagecache if oplock (caching token) is granted and held.

Note that direct allows write operations larger than page size to be sent to the server. On some kernels

this requires the cifs.ko module to be built with the CIFS_EXPERIMENTAL configure option.

This option is will be deprecated in 3.7. Users should use cache=none instead on more recent kernels.

strictcache
Use for switching on strict cache mode. In this mode the client reads from the cache all the time it has

Oplock Level II, otherwise – read from the server. As for write – the client stores a data in the cache

in Exclusive Oplock case, otherwise – write directly to the server.

This option is will be deprecated in 3.7. Users should use cache=strict instead on more recent kernels.

rwpidforward
Forward pid of a process who opened a file to any read or write operation on that file. This prevent

applications like WINE from failing on read and write if we use mandatory brlock style.

mapchars
Translate six of the seven reserved characters (not backslash, but including the colon, question mark,

pipe, asterik, greater than and less than characters) to the remap range (above 0xF000), which also

allows the CIFS client to recognize files created with such characters by Windows´s POSIX emulation. This

can also be useful when mounting to most versions of Samba (which also forbids creating and opening files

whose names contain any of these seven characters). This has no effect if the server does not support

Unicode on the wire. Please note that the files created with mapchars mount option may not be accessible

if the share is mounted without that option.

nomapchars
Do not translate any of these seven characters (default)

intr
currently unimplemented

nointr
(default) currently unimplemented

hard
The program accessing a file on the cifs mounted file system will hang when the server crashes.

soft
(default) The program accessing a file on the cifs mounted file system will not hang when the server

crashes and will return errors to the user application.

noacl
Do not allow POSIX ACL operations even if server would support them.

The CIFS client can get and set POSIX ACLs (getfacl, setfacl) to Samba servers version 3.0.10 and later.

Setting POSIX ACLs requires enabling both CIFS_XATTR and then CIFS_POSIX support in the CIFS

configuration options when building the cifs module. POSIX ACL support can be disabled on a per mount

basis by specifying “noacl” on mount.

cifsacl
This option is used to map CIFS/NTFS ACLs to/from Linux permission bits, map SIDs to/from UIDs and GIDs,

and get and set Security Descriptors.

See sections on CIFS/NTFS ACL, SID/UID/GID MAPPING, SECURITY DESCRIPTORS for more information.

backupuid=arg
File access by this user shall be done with the backup intent flag set. Either a name or an id must be

provided as an argument, there are no default values.

See section ACCESSING FILES WITH BACKUP INTENT for more details

backupgid=arg
File access by users who are members of this group shall be done with the backup intent flag set. Either

a name or an id must be provided as an argument, there are no default values.

See section ACCESSING FILES WITH BACKUP INTENT for more details

nocase
Request case insensitive path name matching (case sensitive is the default if the server suports it).

ignorecase
Synonym for nocase.

sec=
Security mode. Allowed values are:

· none – attempt to connection as a null user (no name)

· krb5 – Use Kerberos version 5 authentication

· krb5i – Use Kerberos authentication and forcibly enable packet signing

· ntlm – Use NTLM password hashing

· ntlmi – Use NTLM password hashing and force packet signing

· ntlmv2 – Use NTLMv2 password hashing

· ntlmv2i – Use NTLMv2 password hashing and force packet signing

· ntlmssp – Use NTLMv2 password hashing encapsulated in Raw NTLMSSP message

· ntlmsspi – Use NTLMv2 password hashing encapsulated in Raw NTLMSSP message, and force packet signing

The default in mainline kernel versions prior to v3.8 was sec=ntlm. In v3.8, the default was changed to

sec=ntlmssp.

If the server requires signing during protocol negotiation, then it may be enabled automatically. Packet

signing may also be enabled automatically if it’s enabled in /proc/fs/cifs/SecurityFlags.

nobrl
Do not send byte range lock requests to the server. This is necessary for certain applications that break

with cifs style mandatory byte range locks (and most cifs servers do not yet support requesting advisory

byte range locks).

sfu
When the CIFS Unix Extensions are not negotiated, attempt to create device files and fifos in a format

compatible with Services for Unix (SFU). In addition retrieve bits 10-12 of the mode via the SETFILEBITS

extended attribute (as SFU does). In the future the bottom 9 bits of the mode mode also will be emulated

using queries of the security descriptor (ACL). [NB: requires version 1.39 or later of the CIFS VFS. To

recognize symlinks and be able to create symlinks in an SFU interoperable form requires version 1.40 or

later of the CIFS VFS kernel module.

mfsymlinks
Enable support for Minshall+French symlinks(see


http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/UNIX_Extensions#Minshall.2BFrench_symlinks). This option is ignored when

specified together with the ‘sfu’ option. Minshall+French symlinks are used even if the server supports

the CIFS Unix Extensions.

serverino
Use inode numbers (unique persistent file identifiers) returned by the server instead of automatically

generating temporary inode numbers on the client. Although server inode numbers make it easier to spot

hardlinked files (as they will have the same inode numbers) and inode numbers may be persistent (which is

userful for some sofware), the server does not guarantee that the inode numbers are unique if multiple

server side mounts are exported under a single share (since inode numbers on the servers might not be

unique if multiple filesystems are mounted under the same shared higher level directory). Note that not

all servers support returning server inode numbers, although those that support the CIFS Unix Extensions,

and Windows 2000 and later servers typically do support this (although not necessarily on every local

server filesystem). Parameter has no effect if the server lacks support for returning inode numbers or

equivalent. This behavior is enabled by default.

noserverino
Client generates inode numbers itself rather than using the actual ones from the server.

See section INODE NUMBERS for more information.

nounix
Disable the CIFS Unix Extensions for this mount. This can be useful in order to turn off multiple

settings at once. This includes POSIX acls, POSIX locks, POSIX paths, symlink support and retrieving

uids/gids/mode from the server. This can also be useful to work around a bug in a server that supports

Unix Extensions.

See section INODE NUMBERS for more information.

nouser_xattr
Do not allow getfattr/setfattr to get/set xattrs, even if server would support it otherwise. The default

is for xattr support to be enabled.

rsize=bytes
Maximum amount of data that the kernel will request in a read request in bytes. Prior to kernel 3.2.0,

the default was 16k, and the maximum size was limited by the CIFSMaxBufSize module parameter. As of

kernel 3.2.0, the behavior varies according to whether POSIX extensions are enabled on the mount and the

server supports large POSIX reads. If they are, then the default is 1M, and the maxmimum is 16M. If they

are not supported by the server, then the default is 60k and the maximum is around 127k. The reason for

the 60k is because it’s the maximum size read that windows servers can fill. Note that this value is a

maximum, and the client may settle on a smaller size to accomodate what the server supports. In kernels

prior to 3.2.0, no negotiation is performed.

wsize=bytes
Maximum amount of data that the kernel will send in a write request in bytes. Prior to kernel 3.0.0, the

default and maximum was 57344 (14 * 4096 pages). As of 3.0.0, the default depends on whether the client

and server negotiate large writes via POSIX extensions. If they do, then the default is 1M, and the

maximum allowed is 16M. If they do not, then the default is 65536 and the maximum allowed is 131007.

Note that this value is just a starting point for negotiation in 3.0.0 and up. The client and server may

negotiate this size downward according to the server’s capabilities. In kernels prior to 3.0.0, no

negotiation is performed. It can end up with an existing superblock if this value isn’t specified or it’s

greater or equal than the existing one.

fsc
Enable local disk caching using FS-Cache for CIFS. This option could be useful to improve performance on

a slow link, heavily loaded server and/or network where reading from the disk is faster than reading from

the server (over the network). This could also impact the scalability positively as the number of calls

to the server are reduced. But, be warned that local caching is not suitable for all workloads, for e.g.,

read-once type workloads. So, you need to consider carefully the situation/workload before using this

option. Currently, local disk caching is enabled for CIFS files opened as read-only.

NOTE: This feature is available only in the recent kernels that have been built with the kernel config

option CONFIG_CIFS_FSCACHE. You also need to have cachefilesd daemon installed and running to make the

cache operational.

multiuser
Map user accesses to individual credentials when accessing the server. By default, CIFS mounts only use a

single set of user credentials (the mount credentials) when accessing a share. With this option, the

client instead creates a new session with the server using the user’s credentials whenever a new user

accesses the mount. Further accesses by that user will also use those credentials. Because the kernel

cannot prompt for passwords, multiuser mounts are limited to mounts using sec= options that don’t require

passwords.

With this change, it’s feasible for the server to handle permissions enforcement, so this option also

implies “noperm”. Furthermore, when unix extensions aren’t in use and the administrator has not overriden

ownership using the uid= or gid= options, ownership of files is presented as the current user accessing

the share.

actimeo=arg
The time (in seconds) that the CIFS client caches attributes of a file or directory before it requests

attribute information from a server. During this period the changes that occur on the server remain

undetected until the client checks the server again.

By default, the attribute cache timeout is set to 1 second. This means more frequent on-the-wire calls to

the server to check whether attributes have changed which could impact performance. With this option

users can make a tradeoff between performance and cache metadata correctness, depending on workload

needs. Shorter timeouts mean better cache coherency, but frequent increased number of calls to the

server. Longer timeouts mean a reduced number of calls to the server but looser cache coherency. The

actimeo value is a positive integer that can hold values between 0 and a maximum value of 2^30 * HZ

(frequency of timer interrupt) setting.

noposixpaths
If unix extensions are enabled on a share, then the client will typically allow filenames to include any

character besides ‘/’ in a pathname component, and will use forward slashes as a pathname delimiter. This

option prevents the client from attempting to negotiate the use of posix-style pathnames to the server.

posixpaths
Inverse of noposixpaths.

prefixpath=
It’s possible to mount a subdirectory of a share. The preferred way to do this is to append the path to

the UNC when mounting. However, it’s also possible to do the same by setting this option and providing

the path there.

vers=
SMB protocol version. Allowed values are:

· 1.0 – The classic CIFS/SMBv1 protocol. This is the default.

· 2.0 – The SMBv2.002 protocol. This was initially introduced in Windows Vista Service Pack 1, and
Windows Server 2008. Note that the initial release version of Windows Vista spoke a slightly

different dialect (2.000) that is not supported.

· 2.1 – The SMBv2.1 protocol that was introduced in Microsoft Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008R2.

· 3.0 – The SMBv3.0 protocol that was introduced in Microsoft Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.

Note too that while this option governs the protocol version used, not all features of each version are

available.

–verbose
Print additional debugging information for the mount. Note that this parameter must be specified before

the -o. For example:

mount -t cifs //server/share /mnt –verbose -o user=username

SERVICE FORMATTING AND DELIMITERS

It´s generally preferred to use forward slashes (/) as a delimiter in service names. They are considered to

be the “universal delimiter” since they are generally not allowed to be embedded within path components on

Windows machines and the client can convert them to blackslashes (\) unconditionally. Conversely, backslash

characters are allowed by POSIX to be part of a path component, and can´t be automatically converted in the

same way.

mount.cifs will attempt to convert backslashes to forward slashes where it´s able to do so, but it cannot do

so in any path component following the sharename.

INODE NUMBERS

When Unix Extensions are enabled, we use the actual inode number provided by the server in response to the

POSIX calls as an inode number.

When Unix Extensions are disabled and “serverino” mount option is enabled there is no way to get the server

inode number. The client typically maps the server-assigned “UniqueID” onto an inode number.

Note that the UniqueID is a different value from the server inode number. The UniqueID value is unique over

the scope of the entire server and is often greater than 2 power 32. This value often makes programs that are

not compiled with LFS (Large File Support), to trigger a glibc EOVERFLOW error as this won´t fit in the

target structure field. It is strongly recommended to compile your programs with LFS support (i.e. with

-D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64) to prevent this problem. You can also use “noserverino” mount option to generate

inode numbers smaller than 2 power 32 on the client. But you may not be able to detect hardlinks properly.

CACHE COHERENCY

With a network filesystem such as CIFS or NFS, the client must contend with the fact that activity on other

clients or the server could change the contents or attributes of a file without the client being aware of it.

One way to deal with such a problem is to mandate that all file accesses go to the server directly. This is

performance prohibitive however, so most protocols have some mechanism to allow the client to cache data

locally.

The CIFS protocol mandates (in effect) that the client should not cache file data unless it holds an

opportunistic lock (aka oplock) or a lease. Both of these entities allow the client to guarantee certain

types of exclusive access to a file so that it can access its contents without needing to continually

interact with the server. The server will call back the client when it needs to revoke either of them and

allow the client a certain amount of time to flush any cached data.

The cifs client uses the kernel’s pagecache to cache file data. Any I/O that’s done through the pagecache is

generally page-aligned. This can be problematic when combined with byte-range locks as Windows’ locking is

mandatory and can block reads and writes from occurring.

cache=none means that the client never utilizes the cache for normal reads and writes. It always accesses the

server directly to satisfy a read or write request.

cache=strict means that the client will attempt to follow the CIFS/SMB2 protocol strictly. That is, the cache

is only trusted when the client holds an oplock. When the client does not hold an oplock, then the client

bypasses the cache and accesses the server directly to satisfy a read or write request. By doing this, the

client avoids problems with byte range locks. Additionally, byte range locks are cached on the client when it

holds an oplock and are “pushed” to the server when that oplock is recalled.

cache=loose allows the client to use looser protocol semantics which can sometimes provide better performance

at the expense of cache coherency. File access always involves the pagecache. When an oplock or lease is not

held, then the client will attempt to flush the cache soon after a write to a file. Note that that flush does

not necessarily occur before a write system call returns.

In the case of a read without holding an oplock, the client will attempt to periodically check the attributes

of the file in order to ascertain whether it has changed and the cache might no longer be valid. This

mechanism is much like the one that NFSv2/3 use for cache coherency, but it particularly problematic with

CIFS. Windows is quite “lazy” with respect to updating the “LastWriteTime” field that the client uses to

verify this. The effect is that cache=loose can cause data corruption when multiple readers and writers are

working on the same files.

Because of this, when multiple clients are accessing the same set of files, then cache=strict is recommended.

That helps eliminate problems with cache coherency by following the CIFS/SMB2 protocols more strictly.

Note too that no matter what caching model is used, the client will always use the pagecache to handle

mmap’ed files. Writes to mmap’ed files are only guaranteed to be flushed to the server when msync() is

called, or on close().

The default in kernels prior to 3.7 was “loose”. As of 3.7, the default is “strict”.

CIFS/NTFS ACL, SID/UID/GID MAPPING, SECURITY DESCRIPTORS

This option is used to work with file objects which posses Security Descriptors and CIFS/NTFS ACL instead of

UID, GID, file permission bits, and POSIX ACL as user authentication model. This is the most common

authentication model for CIFS servers and is the one used by Windows.

Support for this requires both CIFS_XATTR and CIFS_ACL support in the CIFS configuration options when

building the cifs module.

A CIFS/NTFS ACL is mapped to file permission bits using an algorithm specified in the following Microsoft

TechNet document:

In order to map SIDs to/from UIDs and GIDs, the following is required:

· a kernel upcall to the cifs.idmap utility set up via request-key.conf(5)

· winbind support configured via nsswitch.conf(5) and smb.conf(5)

Please refer to the respective manpages of cifs.idmap(8) and winbindd(8) for more information.

Security descriptors for a file object can be retrieved and set directly using extended attribute named

system.cifs_acl. The security descriptors presented via this interface are “raw” blobs of data and need a

userspace utility to either parse and format or to assemble it such as getcifsacl(1) and setcifsacl(1)

respectively.

Some of the things to consider while using this mount option:

· There may be an increased latency when handling metadata due to additional requests to get and set
security descriptors.

· The mapping between a CIFS/NTFS ACL and POSIX file permission bits is imperfect and some ACL information
may be lost in the translation.

· If either upcall to cifs.idmap is not setup correctly or winbind is not configured and running, ID
mapping will fail. In that case uid and gid will default to either to those values of the share or to the

values of uid and/or gid mount options if specified.

ACCESSING FILES WITH BACKUP INTENT

For an user on the server, desired access to a file is determined by the permissions and rights associated

with that file. This is typically accomplished using owenrship and ACL. For a user who does not have access

rights to a file, it is still possible to access that file for a specific or a targeted purpose by granting

special rights. One of the specific purposes is to access a file with the intent to either backup or restore

i.e. backup intent. The right to access a file with the backup intent can typically be granted by making

that user a part of the built-in group Backup Operators. Thus, when this user attempts to open a file with

the backup intent, open request is sent by setting the bit FILE_OPEN_FOR_BACKUP_INTENT as one of the

CreateOptions.

As an example, on a Windows server, a user named testuser, cannot open this file with such a security

descriptor.

REVISION:0x1

CONTROL:0x9404

OWNER:Administrator

GROUP:Domain Users

ACL:Administrator:ALLOWED/0x0/FULL

But the user testuser, if it becomes part of the group Backup Operators, can open the file with the backup

intent.

Any user on the client side who can authenticate as such a user on the server, can access the files with the

backup intent. But it is desirable and preferable for security reasons amongst many, to restrict this special

right.

The mount option backupuid is used to restrict this special right to a user which is specified by either a

name or an id. The mount option backupgid is used to restrict this special right to the users in a group

which is specified by either a name or an id. Only users maching either backupuid or backupgid shall attempt

to access files with backup intent. These two mount options can be used together.

FILE AND DIRECTORY OWNERSHIP AND PERMISSIONS

The core CIFS protocol does not provide unix ownership information or mode for files and directories. Because

of this, files and directories will generally appear to be owned by whatever values the uid= or gid= options

are set, and will have permissions set to the default file_mode and dir_mode for the mount. Attempting to

change these values via chmod/chown will return success but have no effect.

When the client and server negotiate unix extensions, files and directories will be assigned the uid, gid,

and mode provided by the server. Because CIFS mounts are generally single-user, and the same credentials are

used no matter what user accesses the mount, newly created files and directories will generally be given

ownership corresponding to whatever credentials were used to mount the share.

If the uid´s and gid´s being used do not match on the client and server, the forceuid and forcegid options

may be helpful. Note however, that there is no corresponding option to override the mode. Permissions

assigned to a file when forceuid or forcegid are in effect may not reflect the the real permissions.

When unix extensions are not negotiated, it´s also possible to emulate them locally on the server using the

“dynperm” mount option. When this mount option is in effect, newly created files and directories will receive

what appear to be proper permissions. These permissions are not stored on the server however and can

disappear at any time in the future (subject to the whims of the kernel flushing out the inode cache). In

general, this mount option is discouraged.

It´s also possible to override permission checking on the client altogether via the noperm option.

Server-side permission checks cannot be overriden. The permission checks done by the server will always

correspond to the credentials used to mount the share, and not necessarily to the user who is accessing the

share.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The variable USER may contain the username of the person to be used to authenticate to the server. The

variable can be used to set both username and password by using the format username%password.

The variable PASSWD may contain the password of the person using the client.

The variable PASSWD_FILE may contain the pathname of a file to read the password from. A single line of input

is read and used as the password.

NOTES

This command may be used only by root, unless installed setuid, in which case the noeexec and nosuid mount

flags are enabled. When installed as a setuid program, the program follows the conventions set forth by the

mount program for user mounts, with the added restriction that users must be able to chdir() into the

mountpoint prior to the mount in order to be able to mount onto it.

Some samba client tools like smbclient(8) honour client-side configuration parameters present in smb.conf.

Unlike those client tools, mount.cifs ignores smb.conf completely.

CONFIGURATION

The primary mechanism for making configuration changes and for reading debug information for the cifs vfs is

via the Linux /proc filesystem. In the directory /proc/fs/cifs are various configuration files and pseudo

files which can display debug information. There are additional startup options such as maximum buffer size

and number of buffers which only may be set when the kernel cifs vfs (cifs.ko module) is loaded. These can be

seen by running the modinfo utility against the file cifs.ko which will list the options that may be passed

to cifs during module installation (device driver load). For more information see the kernel file

fs/cifs/README.

存在的问题(BUG)

Mounting using the CIFS URL specification is currently not supported.

The credentials file does not handle usernames or passwords with leading space.

Note that the typical response to a bug report is a suggestion to try the latest version first. So please try

doing that first, and always include which versions you use of relevant software when reporting bugs

(minimum: mount.cifs (try mount.cifs -V), kernel (see /proc/version) and server type you are trying to

contact.

相关手册(SEE ALSO)

cifs.upcall(8), getcifsacl(1), setcifsacl(1)

在Linux Kernel中,Documentation/filesystems/cifs.txt和fs/cifs/README可能包含了附加的选项及信息。

参考文献(REFERENCES)