「repoquery」-

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repoquery

SYNOPSIS

repoquery [options] <item …>

repoquery -a [options]

DESCRIPTION

repoquery is a program for querying information from YUM repositories

similarly to rpm queries.

GENERAL OPTIONS

–querytags
List valid queryformat tags and exit..

–version
Report program version and exit.

–repoid=<repo>
Specify which repository to query. Using this option disables

all repositories not explicitly enabled with –repoid option

(can be used multiple times). By default repoquery uses whatever

repositories are enabled in YUM configuration.

–enablerepo=<repo>
In addition to the default set, query the given additional

repository, even if it is disabled in YUM configuration. Can be

used multiple times.

–disablerepo=<repo>
Do not query the given repository, even if it is enabled in YUM

configuration. Can be used multiple times.

–repofrompath=<repoid>,<path/url>
Specify a path or url to a repository (same path as in a

baseurl) to add to the repositories for this query. This option

can be used multiple times. If you want to view only the pkgs

from this repository combine this with –repoid. The repoid for

the repository is specified by <repoid>.

–plugins
Enable YUM plugin support.

-q, –query

对rpmquery进行兼容性,不做任何事情。

-h, –help
Help; display a help message and then quit.

–quiet
Run quietly: no warnings printed to stderr.

–verbose
Produce verbose output.

-C, –cache
Tells repoquery to run entirely from YUM cache – does not down-

load any metadata or update the cache. Queries in this mode can

fail or give partial/incorrect results if the cache isn’t fully

populated beforehand with eg “yum makecache”.

–tempcache
Create and use a private cache instead of the main YUM cache.

This is used by default when run as non-root user.

-c <config file>, –config=<config file>
Use alternative config file (default is /etc/yum.conf).

PACKAGE QUERY OPTIONS

-i, –info
Show general information about package similarly to “rpm -qi”

-l, –list

列出包中的内容。

-R, –requires
List package dependencies.

–resolve
When used with –requires, resolve capabilities to originating

packages.

–provides
List capabilities package provides.

–obsoletes
List capabilities obsoleted by package.

–conflicts
List capabilities conflicting with package.

–changelog
List package changelog.

–location
Show a location where the package could be downloaded from. For

example: wget ‘repoquery –location yum‘

-s, –source
Show package source RPM name.

–srpm Operate on corresponding source RPM.

–groupmember PACKAGE
List the repodata groups (yumgroups.xml) belongs to (if any).

–nvr Use name-version-release output format (rpm query default)

–nevra
Use name-epoch:version-release.architecture output format

(default)

–envra
Use epoch:name-version-release.architecture output format (eas-

ier to parse than nevra)

–qf=FORMAT, –queryformat=FORMAT
Specify custom output format for queries. You can add “:date”,

“:day” and “:isodate” to all the tags that are a time, and you

can add “:k”, “:m”, “:g”, “:t” and “:h” to sizes. You can also

specify field width as in sprintf (Eg. %-20{name})

–tree-requires [pkgs]
For the given packages print a tree of the packages that they

require.

–tree-conflicts [pkgs]
For the given packages print a tree of the packages that they

conflict.

–tree-obsoletes [pkgs]
For the given packages print a tree of the packages that they

obsolete.

–tree-whatrequires [pkgs]
For the given packages print a tree of the packages that require

them.

PACKAGE SELECTION OPTIONS

-a, –all
Query all available packages (for rpmquery compatibility /

shorthand for repoquery ’*’)

-f, –file FILE
Query package owning FILE.

–whatobsoletes CAPABILITY
Query all packages that obsolete CAPABILITY.

–whatconflicts CAPABILITY
Query all packages that conflict with CAPABILITY.

–whatprovides CAPABILITY
Query all packages that provide CAPABILITY.

–whatrequires CAPABILITY
Query all packages that require CAPABILITY.

–alldeps
When used with –whatrequires, look for non-explicit dependen-

cies in addition to explicit ones (e.g. files and Provides in

addition to package names). This is the default.

–exactdeps
When used with –whatrequires, search for dependencies only

exactly as given. This is effectively the opposite of

–alldeps.

–recursive
When used with –whatrequires, query packages recursively.

–archlist=ARCH1[,ARCH2…]
Limit the query to packages of given architecture(s). Valid val-

ues are all architectures known to rpm/yum such as ’i386’ and

’src’ for source RPMS. Note that repoquery will now change yum’s

“arch” to the first value in the archlist. So “–arch-

list=i386,i686″ will change yum’s canonical arch to i386, but

allow packages of i386 and i686.

–pkgnarrow=WHAT
Limit what packages are considered for the query. Valid values

for WHAT are: installed, available, recent, updates, extras, all

and repository (default).

–installed
Restrict query ONLY to installed pkgs – disables all repos and

only acts on rpmdb.

–show-dupes, –show-duplicates
Query all versions of package. By default only newest packages

are considered.

GROUP QUERY OPTIONS

-i, –info
Show general information about group.

-l, –list
List packages belonging to (required by) group.

–grouppkgs=WHAT
Specify what type of packages are queried from groups. Valid

values for WHAT are all, mandatory, default, optional.

–requires
List groups required by group.

GROUP SELECTION OPTIONS

-a Query all available groups.

-g, –group
Query groups instead of packages.

EXAMPLES

List all packages whose name contains ’perl’:
repoquery ‘*perl*’

List all packages depending on openssl:
repoquery –whatrequires openssl

List all package names and the repository they come from, nicely for-

matted:
repoquery -a –qf “%-20{repoid} %{name}”

List name and summary of all available updates (if any), nicely format-

ted:
repoquery -a –pkgnarrow=updates –qf “%{name}:\n%{summary}\n”

List optional packages in base group:
repoquery -g –grouppkgs=optional -l base

List build requirements from ’anaconda’ source rpm:
repoquery –requires anaconda.src

List packages which BuildRequire gail-devel
repoquery –archlist=src –whatrequires gail-devel

NB: This command will only work if you have repositories

enabled which include srpms.

MISC

Specifying package names
A package can be referred to in all queries with any of the fol-

lowing:

name

name.arch

name-ver

name-ver-rel

name-ver-rel.arch

name-epoch:ver-rel.arch

epoch:name-ver-rel.arch

For example: repoquery -l kernel-2.4.1-10.i686

Additionally wildcards (shell-style globs) can be used.

FILES

As repoquery uses YUM libraries for retrieving all the information, it

relies on YUM configuration for its default values like which reposito-

ries to use. Consult YUM documentation for details:

/etc/yum.conf

/etc/yum/repos.d/

/var/cache/yum/

SEE ALSO

BUGS

There are of course no bugs, but should you find any, you should first

consult the FAQ section on
http://yum.baseurl.org/wiki/Faq and if

unsuccessful in finding a resolution contact the mailing list: yum-


devel@lists.baseurl.org. To file a bug use
http://bugzilla.redhat.com

for Fedora/RHEL/Centos related bugs and
http://yum.baseurl.org/report

for all other bugs.

参考文献

  • man 1 repoquery