「kernel-install」-

  LINUX MANUAL PAGES
kernel-install – Add and remove kernel and initramfs images to and from /boot

命令语法格式


kernel-install COMMAND KERNEL-VERSION [KERNEL-IMAGE]

命令描述


kernel-install is used to install and remove kernel and initramfs images to and from /boot.

kernel-install will execute the files located in the directory /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/ and the local administration directory /etc/kernel/install.d/. All files are collectively sorted and executed in lexical order,

regardless of the directory in which they live. However, files with identical filenames replace each other. Files in /etc/kernel/install.d/ take precedence over files with the same name in /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/. This

can be used to override a system-supplied executables with a local file if needed; a symbolic link in /etc/kernel/install.d/ with the same name as an executable in /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/, pointing to /dev/null, disables

the executable entirely. Executables must have the extension “.install”; other extensions are ignored.

An executable should return 0 on success. It may also return 77 to cause the whole operation to terminate (executables later in lexical order will be skipped).

COMMANDS


The following commands are understood:

add KERNEL-VERSION KERNEL-IMAGE
kernel-install creates the directory /boot/MACHINE-ID/KERNEL-VERSION/ and calls every executable /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/*.install and /etc/kernel/install.d/*.install with the arguments

add KERNEL-VERSION /boot/MACHINE-ID/KERNEL-VERSION/

The kernel-install plugin 50-depmod.install runs depmod for the KERNEL-VERSION.

The kernel-install plugin 90-loaderentry.install copies KERNEL-IMAGE to /boot/MACHINE-ID/KERNEL-VERSION/linux. It also creates a boot loader entry according to the boot loader specification in

/boot/loader/entries/MACHINE-ID-KERNEL-VERSION.conf. The title of the entry is the PRETTY_NAME parameter specified in /etc/os-release or /usr/lib/os-release (if the former is missing), or “Linux KERNEL-VERSION”, if

unset. If the file initrd is found next to the linux file, the initrd will be added to the configuration.

remove KERNEL-VERSION
Calls every executable /usr/lib/kernel/install.d/*.install and /etc/kernel/install.d/*.install with the arguments

remove KERNEL-VERSION /boot/MACHINE-ID/KERNEL-VERSION/

kernel-install removes the entire directory /boot/MACHINE-ID/KERNEL-VERSION/ afterwards.

The kernel-install plugin 90-loaderentry.install removes the file /boot/loader/entries/MACHINE-ID-KERNEL-VERSION.conf.

退出状态


If every executable returns with 0, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.

相关文件


/usr/lib/kernel/install.d/*.install /etc/kernel/install.d/*.install
Drop-in files which are executed by kernel-install.

/etc/kernel/cmdline /proc/cmdline
The content of the file /etc/kernel/cmdline specifies the kernel command line to use. If that file does not exist, /proc/cmdline is used.

/etc/machine-id
The content of the file specifies the machine identification MACHINE-ID.

/etc/os-release /usr/lib/os-release
The content of the file specifies the operating system title PRETTY_NAME.

相关手册


machine-id(5), os-release(5), Boot loader specification[1]

注意事项


1. Boot loader specification

参考文献


  • man 8 kernel-install, Version systemd 232

更新日志


  • 07/26/2018 创建文章