「virt-xml」-

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virt-xml – Edit libvirt XML using command line options.

命令语法格式

virt-xml DOMAIN XML-ACTION XML-OPTION [OUTPUT-OPTION] [MISC-OPTIONS] …

命令描述

virt-xml is a command line tool for editing libvirt XML using explicit command line options. See the EXAMPLES section at the end of

this document to jump right in.

Each virt-xml invocation requires 3 things: name of an existing domain to alter (or XML passed on stdin), an action to on the XML, and

an XML change to make. actions are one of:

–add-device: Append a new device definition to the XML –remove-device: Remove an existing device definition –edit: Edit an existing

XML block –build-xml: Just build the requested XML block and print it (no domain or input XML are required here).

An XML change is one instance of any of the XML options provided by virt-xml, for example –disk or –boot.

virt-xml only allows one action and XML pair per invocation. If you need to make multiple edits, invoke the command multiple times.

命令支持的选项及含义

-c URI

–connect=URI
Connect to a non-default hypervisor. See virt-install(1) for details

domain
domain is the name, UUID, or ID of the existing VM. This can be omitted if using –build-xml, or if XML is passed on stdin.

When a domain is specified, the default output action is –define, even if the VM is running. To update the running VM

configuration, add the –update option (but not all options/devices support updating the running VM configuration).

If XML is passed on stdin, the default output is –print-xml.

XML ACTIONS

–edit [EDIT-OPTIONS]
Edit the specified XML block. EDIT-OPTIONS tell virt-xml which block to edit. The type of XML that we are editing is decided by

XML option that is passed to virt-xml. So if –disk is passed, EDIT-OPTIONS select which <disk> block to edit.

Certain XML options only ever map to a single XML block, like –cpu, –security, –boot, –clock, and a few others. In those

cases, virt-xml will not complain if a corresponding XML block does not already exist, it will create it for you.

Most XML options support a special value ‘clearxml=yes’. When combined with –edit, it will completely blank out the XML block

being edited before applying the requested changes. This allows completely rebuilding an XML block. See EXAMPLES for some usage.

EDIT-OPTIONS examples:

–edit
–edit without any options implies ‘edit the first block’. So ‘–edit –disk DISK-OPTIONS’ means ‘edit the first <disk>’.

For the single XML block options mentioned above, plain ‘–edit’ without any options is what you always want to use.

–edit #
Select the specified XML block number. So ‘–edit 2 –disk DISK-OPTS’ means ‘edit the second <disk>’. This option only really

applies for device XML.

–edit all
Modify every XML block of the XML option type. So ‘–edit all –disk DISK-OPTS’ means ‘edit ever <disk> block’. This option

only really applies for device XML.

–edit DEVICE-OPTIONS
Modify every XML block that matches the passed device options. The device options are in the same format as would be passed to

the XML option.

So ‘–edit path=/tmp/foo –disk DISK-OPTS’ means ‘edit every <disk> with path /tmp/foo’. This option only really applies for

device XML.

–add-device
Append the specified XML options to the XML <devices> list. Example: ‘–add-device –disk DISK-OPTIONS’ will create a new <disk>

block and add it to the XML.

This option will error if specified with a non-device XML option (see –edit section for a partial list).

–remove-device
Remove the specified device from the XML. The device to remove is chosen by the XML option, which takes arguments in the same

format as –edit. Examples

–remove-device –disk 2
Remove the second disk device

–remove-device –network all
Remove all network devices

–remove-device –sound pcspk
Remove all sound devices with model=’pcspk’

This option will error if specified with a non-device XML option (see –edit section for a partial list).

–build-xml
Just build the specified XML, and print it to stdout. No input domain or input XML is required. Example: ‘–build-xml –disk

DISK-OPTIONS’ will just print the new <disk> device.

This option will error if specified with an XML option that does not map cleanly to a specific XML block, like –vcpus or

–memory.

OUTPUT OPTIONS

These options decide what action to take after altering the XML. In the common case these do not need to be specified, as ‘XML

actions’ will imply a default output action, described in detail above. These are only needed if you want to modify the default

output.

–update
If the specified domain is running, attempt to alter the running VM configuration. If combined with –edit, this is an update

operation. If combined with –add-device, this is a device hotplug. If combined with –remove-device, this is a device hotunplug.

Keep in mind, most XML properties and devices do not support live update operations, so don’t expect it to succeed in all cases.

–define
Define the requested XML change. This is typically the default if no output option is specified, but if a –print option is

specified, –define is required to force the change.

–print-diff
Print the generated XML change in unified diff format. If only this output option is specified, all other output options are

disabled and no persistent change is made.

–print-xml
Print the generated XML in its entirety. If only this output option is specified, all other output options are disabled and no

persistent change is made.

–confirm
Before defining or updating the domain, show the generated XML diff and interactively request confirmation.

XML OPTIONS

–disk

–network

–graphics

–metadata

–memory

–vcpus

–cpu

–security

–numatune

–features

–clock

–pm

–boot

–filesystem

–controller

–input

–serial

–parallel

–channel

–console

–hostdev

–sound

–watchdog

–video

–smartcard

–redirdev

–memballoon

–tpm

–rng

–panic

–memdev

–qemu-commandline
These options alter the XML for a single class of XML elements. More complete documentation is found in virt-install(1).

Generally these options map pretty straightforwardly to the libvirt XML, documented at <
http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html>

Option strings are in the format of: –option opt=val,opt2=val2,… example: –disk path=/tmp/foo,shareable=on. Properties can be

used with ‘–option opt=,’, so to clear a disks cache setting you could use ‘–disk cache=,’

For any option, use –option=? to see a list of all available sub options, example: –disk=? or –boot=?

–help output also lists a few general examples. See the EXAMPLES section below for some common examples.

MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONS

-h

–help
Show the help message and exit

–version
Show program’s version number and exit

-q

–quiet
Avoid verbose output.

-d

–debug
Print debugging information

使用示例

See a list of all suboptions that –disk and –network take

# virt-xml –disk=? –network=?

Change the <description> of domain ‘EXAMPLE’:

# virt-xml EXAMPLE –edit –metadata description=”my new description”

# Enable the boot device menu for domain ‘EXAMPLE’:

# virt-xml EXAMPLE –edit –boot menu=on

Clear the previous <cpu> definition of domain ‘winxp’, change it to ‘host-model’, but interactively confirm the diff before saving:

# virt-xml winxp –edit –cpu host-model,clearxml=yes –confirm

Change the second sound card to model=ich6 on ‘fedora19’, but only output the diff:

# virt-xml fedora19 –edit 2 –sound model=ich6 –print-diff

Update the every graphics device password to ‘foo’ of the running VM ‘rhel6’:

# virt-xml rhel6 –edit all –graphics password=foo –update

Remove the disk path from disk device hdc:

# virt-xml rhel6 –edit target=hdc –disk path=

Change all disk devices of type ‘disk’ to use cache=none, using XML from stdin, printing the new XML to stdout.

# cat <xmlfile> | virt-xml –edit device=disk –disk cache=none

Change disk ‘hda’ IO to native and use startup policy as ‘optional’.

# virt-xml fedora20 –edit target=hda \
–disk io=native,startup_policy=optional

Change all host devices to use driver_name=vfio for VM ‘fedora20’ on the remote connection

# virt-xml –connect
qemu+ssh://remotehost/system \
fedora20 –edit all –hostdev driver_name=vfio

Hotplug host USB device 001.003 to running domain ‘fedora19’:

# virt-xml fedora19 –update –add-device –hostdev 001.003

Add a spicevmc channel to the domain ‘winxp’, that will be available after the next VM shutdown.

# virt-xml winxp –add-device –channel spicevmc

Create a 10G qcow2 disk image and attach it to ‘fedora18’ for the next VM startup:

# virt-xml fedora18 –add-device \
–disk /var/lib/libvirt/images/newimage.qcow2,format=qcow2,size=10

Hotunplug the disk vdb from the running domain ‘rhel7’:

# virt-xml rhel7 –update –remove-device –disk target=vdb

Remove all graphics devices from the VM ‘rhel7’ after the next shutdown:

# virt-xml rhel7 –remove-device –graphics all

Generate XML for a virtio console device and print it to stdout:

# virt-xml –build-xml –console pty,target_type=virtio

Add qemu command line passthrough:

# virt-xml f25 –edit –confirm –qemu-commandline=”-device FOO”

注意事项

Virtualization hosts supported by libvirt may not permit all changes that might seem possible. Some edits made to a VM’s definition may be ignored. For instance, QEMU does not allow the removal of certain devices once they’ve been defined.

相关手册

virt-install(1)

the project website http://virt-manager.org

参考文献

  • man 1 virt-xml, Version 11.5.1-1

更新日志

  • 08/22/2018 创建文章