「blkid」-

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blkid – locate/print block device attributes

命令语法格式

blkid –label label | –uuid uuid

blkid [–no-encoding –garbage-collect –list-one –cache-file file] [–output format] [–match-tag tag] [–match-token NAME=value]
[device …]

blkid –probe [–offset offset] [–output format] [–size size] [–match-tag tag] [–match-types list] [–usages list] device …

blkid –info [–output format] [–match-tag tag] device …

命令描述

The blkid program is the command-line interface to working with the libblkid(3) library. It can determine the type of content (e.g.

filesystem or swap) that a block device holds, and also the attributes (tokens, NAME=value pairs) from the content metadata (e.g.

LABEL or UUID fields).

It is recommended to use lsblk(8) command to get information about block devices, or lsblk –fs to get an overview of filesystems, or

findmnt(8) to search in already mounted filesystems.

lsblk(8) provides more information, better control on output formatting, easy to use in scripts and it does not require root

permissions to get actual information. blkid reads information directly from devices and for non-root users it returns cached

unverified information. blkid is mostly designed for system services and to test libblkid functionality.

When device is specified, tokens from only this device are displayed. It is possible to specify multiple device arguments on the com‐

mand line. If none is given, all devices which appear in /proc/partitions are shown, if they are recognized.

blkid has two main forms of operation: either searching for a device with a specific NAME=value pair, or displaying NAME=value pairs

for one or more specified devices.

For security reasons blkid silently ignores all devices where the probing result is ambivalent (multiple colliding filesystems are

detected). The low-level probing mode (-p) provides more information and extra return code in this case. It’s recommended to use

wipefs(8) to get a detailed overview and to erase obsolete stuff (magic strings) from the device.

命令支持的选项及含义

The size and offset arguments may be followed by the multiplicative suffixes like KiB (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB,

TiB, PiB, EiB, ZiB and YiB (the “iB” is optional, e.g. “K” has the same meaning as “KiB”), or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB

(=1000*1000), and so on for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

-c, –cache-file cachefile
Read from cachefile instead of reading from the default cache file (see the CONFIGURATION FILE section for more details). If

you want to start with a clean cache (i.e. don’t report devices previously scanned but not necessarily available at this time),

specify /dev/null.

-d, –no-encoding
Don’t encode non-printing characters. The non-printing characters are encoded by ^ and M- notation by default. Note that the

–output udev output format uses a different encoding which cannot be disabled.

-g, –garbage-collect
Perform a garbage collection pass on the blkid cache to remove devices which no longer exist.

-h, –help
Display a usage message and exit.

-i, –info
Display information about I/O Limits (aka I/O topology). The ‘export’ output format is automatically enabled. This option can

be used together with the –probe option.

-k, –list-filesystems
List all known filesystems and RAIDs and exit.

-l, –list-one
Look up only one device that matches the search parameter specified with the –match-token option. If there are multiple

devices that match the specified search parameter, then the device with the highest priority is returned, and/or the first

device found at a given priority. Device types in order of decreasing priority are: Device Mapper, EVMS, LVM, MD, and finally

regular block devices. If this option is not specified, blkid will print all of the devices that match the search parameter.

-L, –label label
Look up the device that uses this filesystem label; this is equal to –list-one –output device –match-token LABEL=label.

This lookup method is able to reliably use /dev/disk/by-label udev symlinks (dependent on a setting in /etc/blkid.conf). Avoid

using the symlinks directly; it is not reliable to use the symlinks without verification. The –label option works on systems

with and without udev.

Unfortunately, the original blkid(8) from e2fsprogs uses the -L option as a synonym for -o list. For better portability, use

-l -o device -t LABEL=label and -o list in your scripts rather than the -L option.

-n, –match-types list
Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-separated) list of superblock types (names). The list items may be pre‐

fixed with “no” to specify the types which should be ignored. For example:

blkid –probe –match-types vfat,ext3,ext4 /dev/sda1

probes for vfat, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and

blkid –probe –match-types nominix /dev/sda1

probes for all supported formats except minix filesystems. This option is only useful together with –probe.

-o, –output format
Use the specified output format. Note that the order of variables and devices is not fixed. See also option -s. The format

parameter may be:

full print all tags (the default)

value print the value of the tags

list print the devices in a user-friendly format; this output format is unsupported for low-level probing (–probe or
–info).

This output format is DEPRECATED in favour of the lsblk(8) command.

device print the device name only; this output format is always enabled for the –label and –uuid options

udev print key=”value” pairs for easy import into the udev environment; the keys are prefixed by ID_FS_ or ID_PART_ prefixes

The udev output returns the ID_FS_AMBIVALENT tag if more superblocks are detected, and ID_PART_ENTRY_* tags are always

returned for all partitions including empty partitions. This output format is DEPRECATED.

export print key=value pairs for easy import into the environment; this output format is automatically enabled when I/O Limits
(–info option) are requested.

The non-printing characters are encoded by ^ and M- notation and all potentially unsafe characters are escaped.

-O, –offset offset
Probe at the given offset (only useful with –probe). This option can be used together with the –info option.

-p, –probe
Switch to low-level superblock probing mode (bypassing the cache).

Note that low-level probing also returns information about partition table type (PTTYPE tag) and partitions (PART_ENTRY_*

tags). The tag names produced by low-level probing are based on names used internally by libblkid and it may be different than

when executed without –probe (for example PART_ENTRY_UUID= vs PARTUUID=).

-s, –match-tag tag
For each (specified) device, show only the tags that match tag. It is possible to specify multiple –match-tag options. If no

tag is specified, then all tokens are shown for all (specified) devices. In order to just refresh the cache without showing

any tokens, use –match-tag none with no other options.

-S, –size size
Override the size of device/file (only useful with –probe).

-t, –match-token NAME=value
Search for block devices with tokens named NAME that have the value value, and display any devices which are found. Common

values for NAME include TYPE, LABEL, and UUID. If there are no devices specified on the command line, all block devices will

be searched; otherwise only the specified devices are searched.

-u, –usages list
Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-separated) list of “usage” types. Supported usage types are: filesys‐

tem, raid, crypto and other. The list items may be prefixed with “no” to specify the usage types which should be ignored. For

example:

blkid –probe –usages filesystem,other /dev/sda1

probes for all filesystem and other (e.g. swap) formats, and

blkid –probe –usages noraid /dev/sda1

probes for all supported formats except RAIDs. This option is only useful together with –probe.

-U, –uuid uuid
Look up the device that uses this filesystem uuid. For more details see the –label option.

-V, –version
Display version number and exit.

退出状态

If the specified device or device addressed by specified token (option –match-token) was found and it’s possible to gather any infor‐

mation about the device, an exit code 0 is returned. Note the option –match-tag filters output tags, but it does not affect return

code.

If the specified token was not found, or no (specified) devices could be identified, an exit code of 2 is returned.

For usage or other errors, an exit code of 4 is returned.

If an ambivalent probing result was detected by low-level probing mode (-p), an exit code of 8 is returned.

配置文件

The standard location of the /etc/blkid.conf config file can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_CONF. The following

options control the libblkid library:

SEND_UEVENT=<yes|not>
Sends uevent when /dev/disk/by-{label,uuid,partuuid,partlabel}/ symlink does not match with LABEL, UUID, PARTUUID or PARTLABEL

on the device. Default is “yes”.

CACHE_FILE=<path>
Overrides the standard location of the cache file. This setting can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_FILE.

Default is /run/blkid/blkid.tab, or /etc/blkid.tab on systems without a /run directory.

EVALUATE=<methods>
Defines LABEL and UUID evaluation method(s). Currently, the libblkid library supports the “udev” and “scan” methods. More

than one method may be specified in a comma-separated list. Default is “udev,scan”. The “udev” method uses udev

/dev/disk/by-* symlinks and the “scan” method scans all block devices from the /proc/partitions file.

相关环境变量

Setting LIBBLKID_DEBUG=all enables debug output.

相关手册

libblkid(3), findfs(8), lsblk(8), wipefs(8)

参考文献

  • man 8 blkid, Version 2.32-0.1

更新日志

  • 07/13/2018 创建文章