「xdg-mime」-

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xdg-mime – command line tool for querying information about file type handling and adding descriptions for new file types

命令语法格式

xdg-mime query {filetype | default} …

xdg-mime default application mimetype(s)

xdg-mime install [–mode mode] [–novendor] mimetypes-file

xdg-mime uninstall [–mode mode] mimetypes-file

xdg-mime {–help | –manual | –version}

命令描述

The xdg-mime program can be used to query information about file types and to add descriptions for new file types.

COMMANDS

query
Returns information related to file types.

The query option is for use inside a desktop session only. It is not recommended to use xdg-mime query as root.

The following queries are supported:

query filetype FILE: Returns the file type of FILE in the form of a MIME type.

query default mimetype: Returns the default application that the desktop environment uses for opening files of type mimetype. The default application is identified by its *.desktop file.

default
Ask the desktop environment to make application the default application for opening files of type mimetype. An application can be made the default for several file types by specifying multiple mimetypes.

application is the desktop file id of the application and has the form vendor-name.desktop application must already be installed in the desktop menu before it can be made the default handler. The application’s desktop

file must list support for all the MIME types that it wishes to be the default handler for.

Requests to make an application a default handler may be subject to system policy or approval by the end-user. xdg-mime query can be used to verify whether an application is the actual default handler for a specific file

type.

The default option is for use inside a desktop session only. It is not recommended to use xdg-mime default as root.

install
Adds the file type descriptions provided in mimetypes-file to the desktop environment. mimetypes-file must be a XML file that follows the freedesktop.org Shared MIME-info Database specification and that has a mime-info

element as its document root. For each new file type one or more icons with name type-subtype must be installed with the xdg-icon-resource command in the mimetypes context. For example the filetype

application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text requires an icon named application-vnd.oasis.opendocument.text to be installed (unless the file type recommends another icon name).

uninstall
Removes the file type descriptions provided in mimetypes-file and previously added with xdg-mime install from the desktop environment. mimetypes-file must be a XML file that follows the freedesktop.org Shared MIME-info

Database specification and that has a mime-info element as its document root.

命令支持的选项及含义

–mode mode
mode can be user or system. In user mode the file is (un)installed for the current user only. In system mode the file is (un)installed for all users on the system. Usually only root is allowed to install in system mode.

The default is to use system mode when called by root and to use user mode when called by a non-root user.

–novendor
Normally, xdg-mime checks to ensure that the mimetypes-file to be installed has a proper vendor prefix. This option can be used to disable that check.

A vendor prefix consists of alpha characters ([a-zA-Z]) and is terminated with a dash (“-“). Companies and organizations are encouraged to use a word or phrase, preferably the organizations name, for which they hold a

trademark as their vendor prefix. The purpose of the vendor prefix is to prevent name conflicts.

–help
Show command synopsis.

–manual
Show this manual page.

–version
Show the xdg-utils version information.

相关环境变量

xdg-mime honours the following environment variables:

XDG_UTILS_DEBUG_LEVEL
Setting this environment variable to a non-zero numerical value makes xdg-mime do more verbose reporting on stderr. Setting a higher value increases the verbosity.

XDG_UTILS_INSTALL_MODE
This environment variable can be used by the user or administrator to override the installation mode. Valid values are user and system.

退出状态

An exit code of 0 indicates success while a non-zero exit code indicates failure. The following failure codes can be returned:

1
Error in command line syntax.

2
One of the files passed on the command line did not exist.

3
A required tool could not be found.

4
The action failed.

5
No permission to read one of the files passed on the command line.

相关手册

xdg-icon-resource(1), xdg-desktop-menu(1), Shared MIME database specification[1], MIME applications associations specification[2]

使用示例

xdg-mime query filetype /tmp/foobar.png

Prints the MIME type of the file /tmp/foobar.png, in this case image/png

xdg-mime query default image/png

Prints the .desktop filename of the application which is registered to open PNG files.

xdg-mime install shinythings-shiny.xml

Adds a file type description for “shiny”-files. “shinythings-” is used as the vendor prefix. The file type description could look as follows.

shinythings-shiny.xml:

<?xml version=”1.0″?>

<mime-info xmlns=’
http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info‘>
<mime-type type=”text/x-shiny”>

<comment>Shiny new file type</comment>

<glob pattern=”*.shiny”/>

<glob pattern=”*.shi”/>

</mime-type>
</mime-info>

An icon for this new file type must also be installed, for example with:

xdg-icon-resource install –context mimetypes –size 64 shiny-file-icon.png text-x-shiny

注意事项

  1. Shared MIME database specification

  1. MIME applications associations specification

参考文献

  • man 1 xdg-mime, version xdg-utils 1.0

更新日志

  • 07/09/2018 创建文章