「xosview」-

  LINUX MANUAL PAGES

基于X的系统监视器

命令语法格式

xosview [options]

命令描述

xosview is a monitor which displays the status of several system parameters. These include CPU usage, load

average, memory, swap space, network usage and more. Each resource is displayed as a horizontal bar which

is separated into color coded regions showing how much of the resource is being put to a particular use.

xosview runs on several platforms (Linux, NetBSD, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, DragonflyBSD, some Solaris systems, IRIX

6.5, HPUX and GNU). Not all of the meters described below are supported on all platforms. Some of the

meters may appear different depending upon the platform xosview is running on. Note that *BSD is used as an

abbreviation for all the supported BSD operating systems (NetBSD, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, DragonflyBSD).

Load: Kernel reported load average

all platforms : load

Linux : load | CPU frequency

*BSD : load | CPU frequency

SunOS5 : load | CPU frequency

CPU Usage

Linux : user | nice | system | soft-interrupt | interrupt | io-wait |
guest | niced guest | stolen | idle
*BSD : user | nice | system | interrupt | idle

SunOS5 : user | system | wait | idle

IRIX : user | system | interrupt | wait | idle

HPUX : user | nice | system | interrupt | idle

Memory Usage

Linux : used | buffers | slab | map | cache | free

FreeBSD: active | inactive | wired | cache | free

DFBSD : active | inactive | wired | cache | free

OpenBSD: active | inactive | wired | free

NetBSD : active | inactive | wired | free

SunOS5 : kernel | zfs | other | free

IRIX : kernel | fs | user | free

HPUX : text | used | other | free

GNU : active | inactive | wired | free

Swap Usage

Linux : used | free

*BSD : used | free

SunOS5 : used | free

HPUX : used | free

GNU : used | free

Disk Usage: Throughput to/from local disk, per second

Linux : in | out | idle

*BSD : in | out | idle

SunOS5 : in | out | idle

Page Swapping: Pages to/from swap, per second

Linux : in | out | idle

*BSD : in | out | idle

SunOS5 : in | out | idle

HPUX : in | out | idle

GNU : in | out | idle

Network Usage

Linux : in | out | idle

*BSD : in | out | idle

SunOS5 : in | out | idle

GFX Usage: Framebuffer exchanges, per second

IRIX : swapbuffers

Interrupts: “leds” which blink when an interrupt occurs

Linux : IRQs

*BSD : IRQs

Interrupt Rate: Per second

Linux : interrupts | free

*BSD : interrupts | free

SunOS5 : interrupts | free

Serial Port Status: “leds” which show the serial port parameters

Linux : LSR and MSR

Battery Level: charge and status of batteries

Linux : available | used

*BSD : available | used

RAID: State of disks in a software RAID array

Linux : disk0 disk1 disk2 … diskN | rebuild

Wireless Link

Linux : quality

Sensors: Readings from sensors

Linux : I2C/hwmon sensors (lmstemp)
Intel Core/AMD K8+/VIA C7 temperature (coretemp)

ACPI thermal zones (acpitemp)
*BSD : I2C sensors (bsdsensor)
Intel Core/AMD K8+ temperature (coretemp)

Typing a ‘q’ in the window will terminate xosview.

命令支持的选项及含义

Most of these command line options are just a convenient way to set one or more of xosview’s resources.

Please see the RESOURCES section for more details on what the resource is for.

-v
Displays the version number.

-name name
Sets the Resource name xosview will use (same as the -name option for typical X applications like

xterm). When performing resource lookups, xosview will look under name, and then under “xosview”.

For an example, perform the following (as documented in README.netbsd):
xrdb -merge Xdefaults.stipple

xosview -name xosvstipple &

xosview -name xosvstipplebw &

-display display
Sets the X display to display. This option overrides the xosview*display resource.

-font font
Specifies the font xosview will use for labels. This option overrides the xosview*font resource.

-title title
This option sets the name xosview will tell the window manager to use for the X window and icon.

This option overrides the xosview*title resource.

-geometry geometry_string
Sets the X geometry to geometry_string. This option overrides the xosview*geometry resource.

-captions
This option overrides the xosview*captions resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*captions to

“False”.

+captions
This option overrides the xosview*captions resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*captions to

“True”.
-labels
This option overrides the xosview*labels resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*labels to

“False”.

+labels
This option overrides the xosview*labels resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*labels to

“True”.
-usedlabels
This option overrides the xosview*usedlabels resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*usedla‐

bels to “False”.

+usedlabels
This option overrides the xosview*usedlabels resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*usedla‐

bels to “True”.
-cpu
This option overrides the xosview*cpu resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*cpu to “False”.

+cpu
This option overrides the xosview*cpu resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*cpu to “True”.

-cpus
Force the display of a single meter for all CPUs in the system. This option is equivalent to setting

xosview*cpuFormat to “single”.

+cpus
Force the display of all CPUs in the system. This option is equivalent to setting xosview*cpuFormat

to “all”.

-load
This option overrides the xosview*load resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*load to

“False”.

+load
This option overrides the xosview*load resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*load to “True”.
-mem
This option overrides the xosview*mem resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*mem to “False”.

+mem
This option overrides the xosview*mem resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*mem to “True”.
-swap
This option overrides the xosview*swap resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*swap to

“False”.

+swap
This option overrides the xosview*swap resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*swap to “True”.
-battery
This option overrides the xosview*battery resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*battery to

“False”.

+battery
This option overrides the xosview*battery resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*battery to

“True”.
-gfx
This option overrides the xosview*gfx resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*gfx to “False”.

+gfx
This option overrides the xosview*gfx resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*gfx to “True”.
-wireless
This option overrides the xosview*wireless resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*wireless to

“False”.

+wireless
This option overrides the xosview*wireless resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*wireless to

“True”.
-net
This option overrides the xosview*net resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*net to “False”.

+net
This option overrides the xosview*net resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*net to “True”.

-network maxbandwidth

-networkBW maxbandwidth

-networkBandwidth maxbandwidth
These options override the xosview*netBandwidth resource. They cause xosview to display a meter that

will shows network usage, with a maximum bandwidth of maxbandwidth. Notice that setting the band‐

width to 0 no longer disables the meter — use the “-net” option instead.

-page
This option overrides the xosview*page resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*page to

“False”.

+page
This option overrides the xosview*page resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*page to “True”.

-pagespeed val
This option overrides the xosview*pageBandWidth resource. The resource xosview*pageBandWidth will be

set to val.

-disk
This option overrides the xosview*disk resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*disk to

“False”.

+disk
This option overrides the xosview*disk resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*disk to “True”.
-int
This option overrides the xosview*int resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*int to “False”.

+int
This option overrides the xosview*int resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*int to “True”.

-ints +ints

-interrupts +interrupts
Equivalent to -int and +int.

-irqrate
This option overrides the xosview*irqrate resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*irqrate to

“False”.

+irqrate
This option overrides the xosview*irqrate resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*irqrate to

“True”.

-intrate +intrate
Equivalent to -irqrate and +irqrate.

-lmstemp
This option overrides the xosview*lmstemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*lmstemp to “False”.

+lmstemp
This option overrides the xosview*lmstemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*lmstemp to “True”.

-coretemp
This option overrides the xosview*coretemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*coretemp to

“False”.

+coretemp
This option overrides the xosview*coretemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*coretemp to “True”.

-acpitemp
This option overrides the xosview*acpitemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*acpitemp to

“False”.

+acpitemp
This option overrides the xosview*acpitemp resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*acpitemp to

“True”.
-bsdsensor
This option overrides the xosview*bsdsensor resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*bsdsensor

to “False”.

+bsdsensor
This option overrides the xosview*bsdsensor resource. It is equivalent to setting xosview*bsdsensor

to “True”.

-xrm resource_string
This switch allows any of xosview’s resources to be set on the command line. An example of how the

xosview*memFreeColor could be set using this option is shown below (Note the use of ” to prevent the

shell from expanding ´*´ or from creating two separate arguments, ´xosview*memfreeColor:´ and ´pur‐

ple´):
-xrm “xosview*memFreeColor: purple”

X RESOURCES

The following is a list of X resources supported by xosview. Each has a default value assigned to it.

These values can be found in the file Xdefaults which can be obtained in the source distribution of xosview.

They can be overridden in the usual places (/usr/lib/X11/app-defaults/XOsview, $HOME/.Xdefaults, etc.).

It should be noted that it is OK to have a resource defined for a port of xosview that does not support the

feature the resource configures. Xosview will simply ignore the resources that are set for it but not sup‐

ported on a given platform.

General Resources

xosview*title: name
The string that xosview will use for the X window title. Normally xosview will use

‘xosview@machine_name’ for a title. This resource overrides the default behavior.

xosview*geometry: geometry_string
This is a standard X geometry string that defines the size and location of the X window used by

xosview.

xosview*display: name
The name of the display where xosview will contact the X server for drawing its window.

xosview*pixmapName: name
The filename of an X pixmap (xpm) file for use as a background image.

xosview*captions: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display meter captions.

xosview*labels: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display meter labels.

xosview*meterLabelColor: color
The color to use for the meter labels.

xosview*usedlabels: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display labels that show the percentage of the resource (or absolute

amount, depending on the meter) being used. This option requires that the labels option also be set

to True.

xosview*usedLabelColor: color
The color to use for “used” labels.

xosview*borderwidth: width
The width of the border for the xosview window.

xosview*font: font
This is the font that xosview will use.

xosview*background: color
This is the color that will be used for the background.

xosview*foreground: color
This is the color that will be used for the foreground.

xosview*enableStipple: (True or False)
Change to true to try stipple support. This is primarily for users stuck with 1-bit monitors/display

cards. Try setting enableStipple true. Please give us feedback on this, if you use it. It needs

some more work, but no one has given us any feedback so far.

xosview*graphNumCols: number
This defines the number of sample bars drawn when a meter is in scrolling graph mode. This also has

the side-effect of defining the width of the graph columns. This is only used by meters which have

graph mode enabled.

Load Meter Resources

xosview*load: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a load meter.

xosview*loadProcColor: color
This is the color that the load meter will use to display the load average when it is below the warn‐

ing threshold.

xosview*loadWarnColor: color
This is the color that the load meter will use once the load average is above the warning but below

the critical load threshold.

xosview*loadCritColor: color
This is the color that the load meter will use once the load average is above critical load thresh‐

old.

xosview*loadIdleColor: color
The load meter will use this color to display the idle field.

xosview*loadPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the load meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*loadWarnThreshold: int
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the value at which the loadmeter changes its status

and color from “normal” to “warning”. The default value is the number of processors.

xosview*loadCritThreshold: int
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the value at which the loadmeter changes its status

and color from “warning” to “critical”. The default value is four times the warning threshold.

xosview*loadDecay: (True or False)
You should probably leave this at the default value (False). The load is already a time-averaged

value!

xosview*loadGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the load meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*loadUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

xosview*loadCpuSpeed: (True or False)
Display the current CPU speed in the load meter.

CPU Meter Resources

xosview*cpu: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a cpu meter. On Linux, *BSD, Solaris and IRIX SMP machines, the

resource cpuFormat defines how meters are created for multiple CPUs.

xosview*cpuUserColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu user time field.

xosview*cpuNiceColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu nice time field.

xosview*cpuSystemColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu system time field.

xosview*cpuInterruptColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu hard interrupt time field.

xosview*cpuSInterruptColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu soft interrupt time field.

xosview*cpuWaitColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu IO waiting time field.

xosview*cpuGuestColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu virtualization guest time field.

xosview*cpuNiceGuestColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu niced virtualization guest time field.

xosview*cpuStolenColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu involuntary wait time field.

xosview*cpuFreeColor: color
The cpu meter will use this color to display the cpu idle time field.

xosview*cpuPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the cpu meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*cpuDecay: (True or False)
If True then the cpu meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instantaneous

state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*cpuGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the cpu meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*cpuUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

xosview*cpuFormat: (single, all, both or auto)
If `single’, only a cumulative meter for all CPU usage is created. `all’ creates a meter for each

CPU, but no cumulative meter. `both’ creates one cumulative meter and one for each CPU. `auto’ makes

a choice based on the number of CPUs found.

xosview*cpuFields: USED/USR/NIC/SYS/INT/SI/HI/WIO/GST/NGS/STL/IDLE
The set of fields to show in Linux CPU meter instead of the default. Possible fields are:

USED:
Combine all used CPU time into one field. This is the sum of user, nice, system, soft and hard

interrupts, guest, niced guest and stolen times. None of these, except stolen, may be defined

together with `USED’.
IDLE:
Time spent doing nothing. Includes I/O wait if it is not defined separately.
USR:
Time spent in user mode processes. Includes nice, guest and niced guest if those are not

defined separately.
NIC:
Time spent in niced user mode processes. Includes niced guest if neither it nor guest is not

defined separately.
SYS:
Time spent in kernel code. Includes soft and hard interrupt as well as stolen time if those

are not defined separately.
INT:
Combines soft and hard interrupt handling times into one field.
SI:
Time the kernel used to handle soft interrupts. Available on Linux kernel 2.6.0 and higher.
HI:
Time the kernel used to handle hard interrupts. Available on Linux kernel 2.6.0 and higher.
WIO:
Time spent waiting for I/O to complete. Available on Linux kernel 2.6.0 and higher.
GST:
Time spent running guest OS in virtual machine. Includes niced guest if it is not defined sep‐

arately. Available on Linux kernel 2.6.24 and higher.
NGS:
Time spent running niced guest OS in virtual machine. Available on Linux kernel 2.6.32 and

higher.
STL:
Involuntary wait time when running as guest in virtual machine. Available on Linux kernel

2.6.11 and higher.

Most combinations are possible (see above for restrictions), but at least `USED’ or `USR’ and `SYS’

need to be defined. `IDLE’ field is added automatically.

Memory Meter Resources

xosview*mem: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a mem meter.

xosview*memUsedColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the used memory field.

xosview*memSharedColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the shared memory field.

xosview*memBufferColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the buffer memory field.

xosview*memCacheColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the cache memory field.

xosview*memFreeColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the free memory field.

xosview*memKernelColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the kernel memory field.

xosview*memSharedColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the shared memory field.

xosview*memTextColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the HP text memory field.

xosview*memOtherColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the HP “other” memory field.

xosview*memActiveColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the *BSD active memory field.

xosview*memInactiveColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the *BSD inactive memory field.

xosview*memWiredColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the *BSD wired memory field.

xosview*memSlabColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the Linux in-kernel data structures field.

xosview*memMapColor: color
The mem meter will use this color to display the Linux memory mapped files field.

xosview*memPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the mem meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*memDecay: (True or False)
If True then the mem meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instantaneous

state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*memGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the mem meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*memUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Swap Meter Resources

xosview*swap: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a swap meter.

xosview*swapUsedColor: color
The swap meter will use this color to display the used swap field.

xosview*swapFreeColor: color
The swap meter will use this color to display the free swap field.

xosview*swapPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the swap meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*swapDecay: (True or False)
If True then the swap meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instanta‐

neous state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*swapGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the swap meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*swapUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Page Swapping Meter Resources

xosview*page: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a page meter.

xosview*pageBandWidth: maxEvents
This number is used to specify the expected maximum bandwidth (in events / sec) for the page meter.

When the expected maximum bandwidth (maxEvents) is exceeded then the page meter will display the rel‐

ative percentage of page swapping (25% in, 75% out).

xosview*pageInColor: color
The page meter will use this color to display the page-in field.

xosview*pageOutColor: color
The page meter will use this color to display the page-out field.

xosview*pageIdleColor: color
The page meter will use this color to display the idle field.

xosview*pagePriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the page meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*pageDecay: (True or False)
If True then the page meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instanta‐

neous state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*pageGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the page meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*pageUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Gfx Meter Resources

xosview*gfx: (True or False)
If True xosview will display the GfxMeter. The value is sampled once per second, due to the usage of

sadc to sample data.

xosview*gfxWarnColor: color
This is the color that the gfx meter will use once the warn state is reached.

xosview*gfxAlarmColor: color
This is the color that the gfx meter will use once the alarm state is reached.

xosview*gfxSwapColor: color
This is the color that the gfx meter will use in normal state

xosview*gfxIdleColor: color
The gfx meter will use this color to display the idle field.

xosview*gfxPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the gfx meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*gfxWarnThreshold: int
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) of swapbuffers per second and pipe at which the gfxmeter

changes its status and color from “normal” to “warn”. The default value is 60.

xosview*gfxAlarmThreshold: int
This number (which must be an integer >= gfxWarnThreshold) of swapbuffers per second and pipe at

which the gfxmeter changes its status and color from “warn” to “alarm”. The default value is 120.

xosview*gfxDecay: (True or False)
You should probably leave this at the default value (False). The gfx does not work in decay mode.

xosview*gfxGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the gfx meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*gfxUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Network Meter Resources

xosview*net: (True or False)
If True xosview will display the NetMeter. Linux users will have to configure their kernels and set‐

up some ip accounting rules to make this work. See the file README.linux which comes with the

xosview distribution for details.

xosview*netBandwidth: maxBytes
This number is used to specify the expected maximum bandwidth (in bytes / sec) for the meter. When

the expected maximum bandwidth (maxBytes) is exceeded then the network meter will display the rela‐

tive percentage of network usage (25% incoming, 75% outgoing).

xosview*netIface: interface
If False, xosview will display the data received/transmitted by any of the network interfaces. Other‐

wise, xosview will only display the data received/transmitted by the specified network interface. If

the name is prepended with ‘-‘ sign, the data in that interface is ignored.

xosview*netInColor: color
The net meter will use this color to display the incoming field.

xosview*netOutColor: color
The net meter will use this color to display the outgoing field.

xosview*netBackground: color
This is the color that the network meter will use for the “idle” field.

xosview*netPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the net meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*netDecay: (True or False)
If True then the net meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instantaneous

state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*netGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the net meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*netUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

NFSStats (Client) Resources

xosview*NFSStats: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a meter to monitor NFS client stats.

xosview*NFSStatReTransColor: color
The color to be used for retransmit stats.

xosview*NFSStatAuthRefrshColor: color
The color to be used for auth refresh stats.

xosview*NFSStatCallsColor: color
The color to be used for call stats.

xosview*NFSStatIdleColor: color
The color to be used for idle stats.

NFSDStats (Server) Resources

xosview*NFSDStats: (True or False)
If True xosview will display a meter for NFS server/daemon stats.

xosview*NFSDStatCallsColor: color
The color to be used for call stats.

xosview*NFSDStatBadCallsColor: color
The color to be used for bad stats.

xosview*NFSDStatUDPColor: color
The color to be used for UDP stats.

xosview*NFSDStatTCPColor: color
The color to be used for TCP stats.

xosview*NFSDStatIdleColor: color
The color to be used for idle stats.

Serial Meter Resources

xosview*serial(0-9): (True, False, or portBase)
If True then xosview will display a serial meter for ttySx. The portbase will be autodetected.

Because autodetection can fail, (if the port is locked by ppp/slip for example) you can specify the

portbase instead of “True”. If a portBase is used then xosview will use it instead of trying to

autodetect.

For this to work on Linux xosview needs to be suid root in order to have access to the ports. See

the file README.linux which comes with the xosview distribution for more details.

xosview*serialOnColor: color
This is the color the serial meter will use for bits that are set.

xosview*serialOffColor: color
This is the color the serial meter will use for bits that are not set.

xosview*serialPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the serial

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

Interrupt Meter Resources

xosview*interrupts: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display an interrupt meter.

xosview*intSeparate: (True of False)
If True then xosview will display one interrupt meter per CPU on SMP machines. If False only one

meter is displayed. Default: True.

xosview*intOnColor: color
This is the color that will be used to show “active” interrupts.

xosview*intOffColor: color
This is the color that will be used to show “inactive” interrupts.

xosview*intPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the int meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

Interrupt Rate Meter Resources

xosview*irqrate: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display an interrupt rate meter.

xosview*irqrateUsedColor: color
This is the color that will be used to show the interrupt rate.

xosview*irqrateIdleColor: color
The irqrate meter will use this color to display the idle field.

xosview*irqratePriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the irqrate

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*irqrateDecay: (True or False)
If True then the irqrate meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instanta‐

neous state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*irqrateGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the irqrate meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph

showing the state value verses time.

xosview*irqrateUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Lm Sensors Resources

xosview*lmstemp: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a lmstemp meter.

xosview*lmstempHighest: number
Highest value displayed. If not given, or too small, the meter will adjust to fit actual and alarm

values. Can be overridden for any meter with lmstempHighestN.

xosview*lmstempActColor: color
Color of actual value.

xosview*lmstempHighColor: color
Color above high alarm value, also used to indicate alarm.

xosview*lmstempLowColor: color
Color of actual value, when it is below low alarm value.

xosview*lmstempIdleColor: color
Color between actual and high alarm values.

xosview*lmstempN: filename
Name of input file from /proc/sys/dev/sensors/*/* or /sys/class/hwmon/*/{,device}/, N=1,2,3,… Can

also be absolute path. For example,

xosview*lmstemp1: temp1

xosview*lmstemp2: temp2_input

Note: Many sensors have the value and alarm threshold in files named “*_input” and “*_max”/”*_min”,

respectively. In such case, specifying the base name such as “temp1” here will be enough for having

both files used.

Note: If the same file name as lmstempN, lmshighN or lmslowN exists in other sensor directories, then

lmsnameN needs to be specified, or absolute path used, to find the correct one.

xosview*lmshighN: filename or number
Optional high alarm value or name of file from /sys/class/hwmon/*/{,device}/, N=1,2,3,… Can also be

absolute path. If not given, lmstempHighest is used as both maximum and high alarm. For example,

xosview*lmshigh1: 70

xosview*lmshigh2: temp1_crit_hyst

xosview*lmslowN: filename or number
Optional low alarm value or name of file from /sys/class/hwmon/*/{,device}/, N=1,2,3,… Can also be

absolute path. Default is 0. For example,

xosview*lmslow1: 1.5

xosview*lmslow2: fan1_min

xosview*lmsnameN: name
Optional name of the sensor device to use when finding the filename(s) given in lmstempN, lmshighN

and lmslowN. See /sys/class/hwmon/*/{,device}/name for the names of your sensors. This has no effect

to files given as absolute paths. For example,

xosview*lmsname1: nct6779

xosview*lmsname2: radeon

xosview*lmstempLabelN: string
N-th label for above values, default is TMP.

xosview*lmstempHighestN: number
Override default lmstempHighest for meter N.

xosview*lmstempUsedFormatN: (float, percent or autoscale)
Override default lmstempUsedFormat for meter N.

xosview*lmstempPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the lmstemp

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*lmstempUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

ACPI Temperature Resources

xosview*acpitemp: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a acpitemp meter.

xosview*acpitempHighest: 100
Highest temp value displayed, default 100. If acpihighN is given, the value is read from there

instead.

xosview*acpitempActColor: color
Color of actual temperature.

xosview*acpitempHighColor: color
Color above alarm temperature, also used to indicate alarm.

xosview*acpitempIdleColor: color
Color between actual and alarm temperatures.

xosview*acpitempN: filename
Name of temperature file from /proc/acpi/thermal_zone or /sys/devices/virtual/thermal. Note that the

last directory part must be given, e.g. TZ0/temperature. Absolute path can also be used.

xosview*acpihighN: filename
Name of high value/trip point file from /proc/acpi/thermal_zone or /sys/devices/virtual/thermal, or

an absolute path to one.

xosview*acpitempLabelN: Labelstring
N-th label for above temperatures, default is TMP.

xosview*acpitempPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the acpitemp

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*acpitempUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Intel Core / AMD K8+ / VIA C7 Temperature Sensor Resources

xosview*coretemp: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a coretemp meter.

xosview*coretempHighest: 100
Highest temp value displayed, default 100. If CPU throttling temperature (tjMax) is supplied by the

operating system, it is used instead.

xosview*coretempHigh: number
Value to use as alarm temperature, default is coretempHighest. If a usable value, such as the temper‐

ature for which maximum cooling is required, is supplied by the operating system, it is used instead.

xosview*coretempActColor: color
Color of actual temperature.

xosview*coretempHighColor: color
Color above alarm temperature, also used to indicate alarm.

xosview*coretempIdleColor: color
Color between actual and alarm temperatures.

xosview*coretempDisplayType: (separate, average or maximum)
This resource tells xosview how to display the CPU temperature. The formats work as follows:

separate:
Display one meter for each CPU core of a multi-core CPU. This is the default.
average:
Display the average of core temperatures of a multi-core CPU. On multi-socket machines, one

meter per physical CPU is displayed.
maximum:
Display the highest core temperature of a multi-core CPU. On multi-socket machines, one meter

per physical CPU is displayed.

xosview*coretempPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the coretemp

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*coretempUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

*BSD Sensor Resources

xosview*bsdsensor: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a bsdsensor meter.

xosview*bsdsensorHighest: number
Highest value displayed. If not given, or too small, the meter will adjust to fit actual and alarm

values. Can be overridden for any meter with bsdsensorHighestN.

xosview*bsdsensorActColor: color
Color of actual value.

xosview*bsdsensorHighColor: color
Color above high alarm value, also used to indicate alarm.

xosview*bsdsensorLowColor: color
Color of actual value, when it is below low alarm value.

xosview*bsdsensorIdleColor: color
Color between actual and high alarm values.

xosview*bsdsensorN: name.type

xosview*bsdsensorHighN: name.type

xosview*bsdsensorLowN: name.type
These define where the actual value, high alarm value and low alarm value for meter N=1,2,3,… will

be read from. The name is the sensor driver, and type is the wanted value. Both alarm values are

optional, and can also be given as static numerical values.

You can find the correct pair for OpenBSD and DragonFly BSD with systat command, e.g.

xosview*bsdsensor1: it0.temp1

xosview*bsdsensorHigh1: 100

On NetBSD, you can find the driver name with envstat command. Value name for the actual reading is

typically ‘cur-value’ and for high alarm ‘critical-max’ and for low alarm ‘critical-min’, e.g.

xosview*bsdsensor2: coretemp0.cur-value

xosview*bsdsensorHigh2: coretemp0.critical-max

For all possible NetBSD value names, refer to envstat source code.

FreeBSD has no usable sensor drivers as of version 9.0. However, ACPI thermal zones can be used by

defining the sysctl node below hw.acpi.thermal, e.g.

xosview*bsdsensor1: tz0.temperature

xosview*bsdsensorHigh1: tz0._CRT

ACPI thermal zones can be used like this on DragonFly BSD as well.

xosview*bsdsensorLabelN: string
N-th label for above meters, default is SENN.

xosview*bsdsensorHighestN: number
Override default bsdsensorHighest for meter N.

xosview*bsdsensorUsedFormatN: (float, percent or autoscale)
Override default bsdsensorUsedFormat for meter N.

xosview*bsdsensorPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the bsdsensor

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*bsdsensorUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Battery Meter Resources

xosview*battery: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a battery meter. Linux users will need to have APM or ACPI support

in their kernels for this to work. For both APM and ACPI, xosview shows the status/sum of all bat‐

teries. Additionally – the legend text gets changed/adjusted to reflect the current state (charg‐

ing/low/critical/etc.) of the battery/batteries.

xosview*batteryLeftColor: color
This is the color that will be used to show the amount of battery power left.

xosview*batteryUsedColor: color
This is the color that will be used to show the amount of battery power used.

xosview*batteryChargeColor: color
This is the color that will be used as ‘left’ – if the batteries get charged.

xosview*batteryFullColor: color
This is the color that will be used as ‘left’ – if the batteries are fully charged. APM and ACPI

does provide this info, but not all machines actually do so.

xosview*batteryLowColor: color
APM only – the ‘left’ color that will indicate a low battery. Depends on the machine – e.g. below

25% remaining capacity.

xosview*batteryCritColor: color
APM case: the ‘left’ color if APM indicates ‘critical’ state. (less than 5%) ACPI case: the ‘left’

color if the remaining capacity is below the alarm value. (which can be set by the user in

/proc/acpi/battery/BAT[01]/alarm )

xosview*batteryNoneColor: color
If no battery is present – or all batteries get removed (while on AC).

xosview*batteryPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the battery

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*batteryUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Wireless Meter Resources

xosview*wireless: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display the link quality of each wireless connection. Note that the graph

will *never* show up, if you don’t have any wireless devices, or no wireless extensions in the kernel

(/proc/net/wireless). Default is true.

xosview*PoorQualityColor: color
This is the color for the quality field when between 0 and 6.

xosview*FairQualityColor: color
This is the color for the quality field when between 7 and 14.

xosview*GoodQualityColor: color
This is the color for the quality field when higher than 14.

xosview*wirelessUsedColor: color
This is the background color.

xosview*wirelessPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the wireless

meter waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the

fastest). A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*wirelessDecay: (True or False)
If True then the wireless meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instan‐

taneous state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*wirelessUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

Disk Meter Resources

xosview*disk: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a disk meter.

xosview*diskInColor: color
The disk meter will use this color to display the reads field.

xosview*diskOutColor: color
The disk meter will use this color to display the writes field.

xosview*diskIdleColor: color
The disk meter will use this color to display the idle field.

xosview*diskBandwidth: bandwidth
This number is used to specify the expected maximum bandwidth in bytes per second for the disk meter.

xosview*diskWriteColor: color
This color will be used for the linux meter to show writes.

xosview*diskReadColor: color
This color will be used for the linux meter to show reads.

xosview*diskPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the disk meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*diskDecay: (True or False)
If True then the disk meter will be split vertically in two. The top half will show the instanta‐

neous state, while the bottom half will display a decaying average of the state.

xosview*diskGraph: (True or False)
If this is set to True then the disk meter will be drawn as a horizontally scrolling bargraph showing

the state value verses time.

xosview*diskUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

RAID Meter Resources

xosview*RAID: (True or False)
If True then xosview will display a RAID meter.

xosview*RAIDdevicecount: int
Please enter your RAID device count (n) here or 0 if you don’t have any supported RAID devices.

xosview then will display n RAID state displays.

xosview*RAIDdiskOnlineColor: color

xosview*RAIDdiskFailureColor: color
These colors will be used for indicating working/online or failed/offline disks. The order (from left

to right) is the same as in /proc/mdstat.

xosview*RAIDresyncdoneColor: color

xosview*RAIDresynctodoColor: color

xosview*RAIDresynccompleteColor: color
If a resync/rebuild of the RAID array is in progress, the “done” and “todo” colors will be used. If

no rebuild/resync is running, then the “complete” color will be shown.

xosview*RAIDPriority: priority
This number (which must be an integer >= 1) sets the number of tenths of a second that the RAID meter

waits between updates. A value of 1 has xosview update the meter 10 times per second (the fastest).

A value of 600 would cause xosview to update the meter once a minute.

xosview*RAIDUsedFormat: (float, percent or autoscale)
This resource tells xosview how to display “used” labels. The formats work as follows:

float:
Display the value as a floating point number.
percent:
Display the value as a percentage of the total.
autoscale:
Display the absolute value and automatically print the units (K, M, or G) as appropriate.

参考文献

更新日志

  • 07/31/2018 创建文章