Category : LINUX MANUAL PAGES

aspell is a utility that can function as an ispell -a replacement, as an independent spell checker, as a test utility to test out Aspell features, and as a utility for managing dictionaries.
ispell is a wrapper around aspell to invoke it in ispell compatible mode.
spell is a wrapper around a[……]

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安装的可执行程序
bc,is a command line calculator
dc,is a reverse-polish command line calculator
参考文献

Homepage: http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bc

章节列表
「bc」- 「dc」[……]

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包含的可执行程序
catchsegv Can be used to create a stack trace when a program terminates with a segmentation fault
gencat Generates message catalogues
getconf Displays the system configuration values for file system specific variables
getent Gets entries from an administrative database
ic[……]

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如果没有指定 hostid, 他将搜索本机上已检测的 JVM。 如果指定了 hostid,将通过指定的端口号和协议在指定的主机上搜索JVM,此时目标主机必须运行了 jstatd。 jps 命令为在目标机器上检测到的每一个JVM,报告 JVM 标识符 或者 lvmid。lvmid 不一定是系统的进程标识符号。
如果没有 options,jps 列出每个java应用的 lvmid,后面跟着简短的应用的class名或者jar文件名;简短格式省略了class的包信息或者jar文件的路径信息; jsp 命令使用 Java launcher 来查找类名和传递给main方法的参数;如果是自定义的l[……]

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常用命令
字符串替换:

sed -i ‘s/bar/baz/gI’ /path/to/file

# I:忽略大小写。如果希望大小写敏感,则使用 i 或者忽略。

向文件末尾追加文本:

sed -i ‘$a some-string’ /path/to/file

删除文件的第一行内容:

sed ‘1d’ /path/to/file

替换中文字符,但鉴于 sed 并不支持 Unicode 转义,所以需要特殊处理:

# printf “\u4e00-\u9fa5″[……]

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MySQL软件包中包含的的工具或命令的简单介绍。
与Installation有关的程序
mysql_tzinfo_to_sql 加载时区表。
mysql_upgrade 检查、升级MySQL表。
mysql_secure_installation 用于提高MySQL的安装安全。
mysql_ssl_rsa_setup 创建SSL/RSA文件
mysql_install_db 初始化MySQL的data目录。通常在MySQL安装时执行一次。
mysql_plugin 配置MySQL Server的插件。
comp_err 编译MySQL[……]

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What is this?
systemd is a suite of basic building blocks for a Linux system. It provides a system and service manager that runs as PID 1 and starts the rest of the system. systemd provides aggressive parallelization capabilities, uses socket and D-Bus activation for starting services, offers on-[……]

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info Used to read info pages which are similar to man pages, but often go much deeper than just explaining all the available command line options [For example, compare man bison and info bison.]
install-info Used to install info pages; it updates entries in the info index file
makeinfo Trans[……]

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安装的可执行程序
funzip allows the output of unzip commands to be redirected.
unzip lists, tests or extracts files from a ZIP archive.
unzipfsx is a self-extracting stub that can be prepended to a ZIP archive. Files in this format allow the recipient to decompress the archive without installing U[……]

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安装的可执行程序
Manage virtual machines with virt-manager
virt-install,安装新的虚拟机,a command line tool which provides an easy way to provision operating systems into virtual machines.
virt-viewer,a lightweight UI interface for interacting with the graphical display of virtualized guest OS. It can di[……]

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在 Xorg applications 中,提供系列能够在 X Window 的实现中运行的程序,诸如编辑器、时钟、终端、窗口管理器及管理工具等等。
应用列表
该章节将介绍在 Xorg Applications 中的命令,下面是命令列表:
appres
bdftopcf
beforelight
bitmap
compiz
constype
editres
fonttosfnt
fslsfonts
fstobdf
grandr
iceauth
ico
intel
l[……]

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c_rehash,is a Perl script that scans all files in a directory and adds symbolic links to their hash values.
openssl,is a command-line tool for using the various cryptography functions of OpenSSL’s crypto library from the shell. It can be used for various functions which are documented in man 1 o[……]

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PCI Utils,该软件包包含一组用于列出PCI设备的程序、检查其状态并设置其配置寄存器。
安装
从发行版的源中安装

# Ubuntu 16.04.2 LTS
apt-get install pciutils

从源码中编译安装 源码编译请参考BLFS/pciutils-3.5.1: http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/7.10/general/pciutils.html
安装的可执行程序文件
lspci | 显示系统中所有PCI总线及连接到它们的设备。
setpci | 用于查询、配置[……]

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git is the stupid content tracker.
git-cvsserver is a CVS server emulator for Git.
gitk is a graphical Git repository browser (needs Tk-8.6.6).
git-receive-pack is invoked by git send-pack and updates the repository with the information fed from the remote end.
git-shell is a login s[……]

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创建及构建应用(Create and Build Applications)
appletviewer http://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/technotes/tools/unix/appletviewer.html#BGBEAIGG appletviewer 提供了一个Java运行环境,可在浏览器外部运行Applet;
extcheck http://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/technotes/tools/unix/extcheck.html Detects version conflicts betwe[……]

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Zabbix中安装的程序及各自作用。
可执行程序列表
zabbix_agentd
Zabbix Agent守护进程。 用于监视各种服务器参数。默认监听的端口为10050。 相关的命令行参数,参考:《zabbix_agentd》
zabbix_get 用于从Zabbix agent获取数据。
zabbix_proxy
用于从设备收集监控数据,然后发送到Zabbix Server 相关的命令行参数,参考:《zabbix_proxy》
zabbix_sender 用于将监控数据发送到Zabbix Server或Proxy。
zabbix_serv[……]

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常用命令
向文件中写入内容:

cat <<EOF > foo.html
echo $var
EOF

cat <<\EOF > foo.html
echo $var
EOF

# 补充说明
# 1)EOF 将内容写入文件 foo.html 中,其中 $var 将 Shell 解析;
# 2)\EOF 使得 $var 不被 Shell 解析,免去对 $ 符号的转义;

语法格式

cat [OPTION]… [FILE]…

如果未指定 FILE、或者 FILE 为 -,则从标准输入中读取。
命[……]

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arpaname:translate IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names. bind9-config:hardlinked to isc-config.sh. ddns-confgen:generates a key for use by nsupdate and named. delv:is a new debugging tool that is a successor to dig. dig:interrogates DNS servers. dnssec-checkds:is a DNSSEC delegation consiste[……]

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安装的可执行程序
captoinfo:Converts a termcap description into a terminfo description
clear:Clears the screen, if possible
infocmp:Compares or prints out terminfo descriptions
infotocap:Converts a terminfo description into a termcap description
ncursesw6-config:Provides configuration info[……]

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在「Server端」使用的命令程序
samba is a server to provide AD and SMB/CIFS services to clients.
samba_dnsupdate is used to update our DNS names using TSIG-GSS.
samba_spnupdate is a script to update the servicePrincipalName names from spn_update_list.
samba_upgradedns is a Unix SMB/CIFS implementa[……]

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